Torah.org Home Subscribe Services Support Us
  Iyov
Print Version

Email this article to a friend

Part 19: Chapter 3

In our last few lessons we discussed the startling phenomenon that at times decisions and actions based upon freewill may facilitate the exact opposite of the desired results. This seems to indicate that man's destiny is not determined by freewill. Yet there are many cases when our freewill does achieve the desired results. Indeed, in many cases the results could not be achieved without our conscious decisions and efforts. For example, you find yourself in the middle of a busy street and a truck is closing in on you. You make a quick decision to move and escape mortal danger. It goes without saying that if not for your decision and action to escape danger the likelihood of a tragic ending would be great. Furthermore, you could rightfully claim that your decision and action to move created the possibility for your safe escape from danger.

There is another category of events that are only partially influenced by freewill. Events of this type are also influenced by forces beyond our control and therefore it cannot be claimed that freewill is totally responsible for the results. For example, you are a farmer and want to plant a wheat field. You must make a decision to sew the field and then carry out that decision. But you are still not going to get a wheat field unless the forces of nature bring rain and other essential environmental and agricultural conditions are met e.g. good soil and fertile seed. These things are out of your control. It is the combination of your freewill and forces beyond your control that will bring about the successful growth of the field.

In summary, there are three categories of activities:

1. Actions based upon freewill that are the direct cause of the desired results.

2. Actions based upon freewill that do not produce the desired results due to intervention of forces and events beyond our control ( the story of Joseph and his brothers).

3. Actions based upon freewill that are only partially responsible for the end results. It is important to understand that events that belong to the last two categories are not the result of random circumstance. Rather, they are influenced and directed to be harmonious with G-d's will, despite any apparent incongruence. Based on this introduction we can have a better understanding of Elifaz's arguments with Job.


Text Copyright © 1996 Rabbi Y. Schwartz and Project Genesis, Inc.

The author is the Rosh Hayeshiva (Dean) of Orchos Chaim Yeshiva in Jerusalem.

Part 18 Part 20


 






ARTICLES ON DEVARIM AND THE THREE WEEKS:

View Complete List

They Can Assure a Cure
Rabbi Label Lam - 5773

The Way to a Person's Soul is Through His Dignity
Rabbi Yisroel Ciner - 5757

The Speech That Never Ends
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5764

> One Heart
Rabbi Label Lam - 5771

Constantly Challenged
Rabbi Pinchas Avruch - 5762

In Our Best Interest
Rabbi Elly Broch - 5764

ArtScroll

It's Not What You Want - But How You Ask
Rabbi Eliyahu Hoffmann - 5759

The Laws of Kashrus: Is it techinical or something deeper?
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5773

What to Cry About
Rabbi Label Lam - 5769

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

You Gotta Believe
Rabbi Raymond Beyda - 5765

Seeing HASHEM with Our Hearts
Rabbi Label Lam - 5772

Don't Flaunt It
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5771

Looking for a Chavrusah?

Honesty
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5761

Golden Opportunities
Rabbi Naftali Reich - 5773

Faithful Contentment
Rabbi Naphtali Hoff - 5774

What Are We Missing On Tisha B'Av?
Rabbi Label Lam - 5764



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information