Torah.org Home Subscribe Services Support Us
 
Print Version

Email this article to a friend

Do Not Steal1 Part 16

Up to this point, we have focused on various forms of stealing. There is a different but connected prohibition to take an item against the owner's will and pay for it. Even though the person paid the money, he transgressed the prohibition known as 'chamas' in hebrew.

For example, a person aggressively bargained with his friend to sell him an item[2] . The friend refused to sell, so the person grabbed the item and put the money on the table. Since the owner did not agree to sell at that price, the grabber was guilty of chamas.

However, if the owner in some way demonstrated that he agreed to the sale, then there is no transgression of chamas. For example, if he gave the buyer change for the money he put out, then he shows that he has consented to the transaction.

Another prohibition relating to other people's money and property is to not cheat buyers by giving short weights or measures. One who does so, not only transgresses the commandment not to steal, but also the specific command not to cheat with weights and measures[3]. Accordingly, retail store owners should be careful to tell their sales help to properly operate their scales, and on how to set the tare to deduct the weight of the bag, wrappers or container.[4]

It should be noted that this prohibition applies to non-Jews as well as Jews, and applies to stealing very small percentages of the weight or measure.


[1] Much of the information for this essay is taken from "Halachos of Other People's Money" by Rabbi Yisroel Pinchos Bodner.
[2] We will see in a future article that, this form of bargaining is often forbidden in and of itself.
[3] Vayikra, 19:35-6.
[4] Bodner, p.76.


Text Copyright 2009 by Rabbi Yehonasan Gefen and Torah.org

Visit Rabbi Gefen's new blog at rabbiygefen.blogspot.com.

Rabbi Gefen's new book, The Guiding Light, is now available! To order, please contact Rabbi Gefen at Gefen123@smile.net.il or 00972 52 761 9935.


 

ARTICLES ON ACHAREI MOS AND KEDOSHIM:

View Complete List

Love Your Neighbor
Rabbi Dovid Green - 5759

Accepting Time
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5766

Exodus - What Does it Mean to Be Free?
Rabbi Eliyahu Hoffmann - 5765

Looking for a Chavrusah?

Appreciating the Value of the Jew
Rabbi Yosef Kalatsky - 5763

Enjoyment as a Guide
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5765

Holiness - Served Fresh
Shlomo Katz - 5764

ArtScroll

In Hillel's Footsteps
Rabbi Yaakov Menken - 5760

The Desecration of Molech: We Will Be Held Accountable For Our Priorities
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5771

Setting High Goals
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5760

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

Rav Chaim's Request For Forgiveness
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5768

Power of Rabbi Akiva
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5760

All the Rest is Commentary!
Rabbi Label Lam - 5763

> Justice Must Be Carried Out
Rabbi Dovid Green - 5757

Why On This Night Do We Dip Twice?
Rabbi Pinchas Avruch - 5765

More Power To You
Rabbi Pinchas Avruch - 5763

Jewish Character
Shlomo Katz - 5761



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information