Rabbi Pinchas Avruch
This week, we again witness the Jewish Nation at one of its moments of great
spiritual challenge. The episode of the spies, ten of whom failed to
appreciate the true essence of the Holy Land and dispirited the Children of
Israel with their disparaging report, is one that significantly altered the
course of Jewish history. In the short term, as punishment for being swayed
by a report based on forty days of touring and finding fault with the land,
the Jews were doomed to spend forty years wandering in the wilderness while
that entire generation perished, never to enter the Promised Land. But for
millennia to come, that night that the nation cried needlessly was to become
a night of legitimate tears. That night, Tisha b'Av (the ninth of the Jewish
month of Av), became the night that the greatest tragedies befell the Jewish
people. The destruction of the First Bais HaMikdash (Holy Temple), the
destruction of the Second Bais HaMikdash and the Spanish Inquisition all
occurred on Tisha b'Av.
But two of the twelve spies, Yehoshua (Joshua) and Calev, stood firm in
their commitment to G-d and His promise that the Land would become the
homeland of the Children of Avraham, Yitzchak and Yaakov. Calev attempted
to placate the nation, "We shall surely ascend and conquer it, for we can
surely do it!" (Bamidbar/Numbers 13:30) For his efforts, Calev is singled
out by G-d for reward. "But my servant Calev, because a different spirit was
with him and he followed Me wholeheartedly, I shall bring him to the land to
which he came and his offspring shall possess it." (14:24) Why did Calev
merit this special compensation if, in the end, he did not accomplish his
goal? The Jewish people did not heed his exhortation and paid the ultimate
price for it. What is the significance of this effort?
Rabbi Moshe Feinstein (1895-1986; Rosh Yeshiva/Dean of Mesivtha Tifereth
Jerusalem in New York City; the leading decisor of Jewish law of his time)
maintains that there is more here than simple goodwill for expending effort;
that sentiment is not commensurate with such remuneration. Rather, an
introspective review of the chapter reveals that Calev's words DID make a
difference. The fact that the ten had to retort that the conquest was
impossible, that they had to restate their argument and fortify it,
indicates that Calev's statement impacted the Jewish nation, negating the
skepticism of the ten spies' initial declaration and causing the masses to
sway, reembracing G-d's promise, albeit for only fleeting moments.
Herein lies the great worth of Calev's deed. Jewish law dictates that a
moment of physical life is so precious that even a brief extension of life
justifies desecration of the Sabbath. Similarly, notes Rabbi Feinstein,
affording one's fellow Jew an additional moment of spiritual life - as a
mentor, as a teacher, as a parent or as a friend - is a tremendous act, one
worthy of such fantastic reward.
Have a good Shabbos!
Copyright © 2002 by Rabbi Pinchas Avruch and Project Genesis, Inc.
Kol HaKollel is a publication of the Milwaukee Kollel ≠ Center for Jewish
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