In his first public address to his followers after he was appointed as a
leader in the community of Vilna some 120 years ago, Rabbi Yaakov HaDarshan
took note of a peculiarity in the verses in which Moshe requests of G-d to
appoint a new leader. As Moshe neared the end of his life, he expressed to
G-d his concern that he be replaced with a competent leader. "May G-d,
Lord of the spirits of all flesh, appoint a man over the assembly, who
shall go out before them and come in before them, who shall take them out
and bring them in; and let the assembly of G-d not be like sheep that for
them there is no shepherd." (Bamidbar/Numbers 27:16-17) Following the
maxim that the Torah is always concise and precise in its use of words -
never is there a superfluous, purposeless expression - Rabbi Yaakov noted
the most succinct way for Moshe to conclude his request would be to ask
that the assembly not be like sheep "bli roeh", without shepherd; why did
the Torah add seemingly unnecessary words and ask that they not be like
sheep "asher ein lahem roeh", that for them there is no shepherd? The
word "lahem" - for them - is a necessary characteristic of a leader.
Moshe knew that there would certainly be another leader. His concern was
that it be a leader who would not be concerned with his own honor and
reputation. They would certainly have a new shepherd, but Moshe wanted to
make sure that he would be "lahem", for them.
Indeed, the Midrash (Shemos Rabbah 2:2) tells us that before G-d chose to
appoint King David as the leader of His nation, He tested him to see if he
was compassionate with the sheep of which he was then in charge. In order
to earn the responsibility of being the King of Israel, he had to
demonstrate that he was prepared to sacrifice his own energies for those
under his charge.
Going about our daily business most of us do consider ourselves to be
amongst "the leaders", but, in reality, we are all leaders in particular
circumstances in our lives. As responsible superiors we are the mentor for
our children and coworkers; in many circumstances we become a role model
for peers and acquaintances. The Torah's paradigm for leadership is an
essential lesson for all: the successful leader is one who focuses on the
needs and wants of the constituency.