Completing The Process
By Rabbi Moshe Peretz Gilden
"Our Father, our King, inscribe us in the book of Merits." While this
entreaty is repeated throughout the period of the Days of Awe, it would
appear that inscription into this book would depend on the righteousness of
our deeds throughout the year. How can we simply ask to be written into
Rabbi Daniel Movshovitz (1) elucidates that this prayer is recited looking
toward the future, requesting we be given opportunities to do good deeds.
The Vilna Gaon (2) explains that the joy we have during the Festival of
Succos (3) commemorates the day that the Clouds of Glory returned to
surround and protect the Jewish Nation in the desert after they were
forgiven for the Sin of the Golden Calf. But if the clouds' return was a
sign of forgiveness, why did they come five days after Yom Kippur? It was
on Yom Kippur that G-d said, "I forgive!" What additional merit was still
needed for the return of the Clouds of Glory?
Rabbeinu Yonah in his classic ethics text Sha'arei Teshuva directs that one
who repented from sin should also beseech G-d to erase his misdeeds and
desire his return, for it is possible to be completely forgiven such that
no punishment will befall him, nevertheless, G-d does not desire his
service. One can be cleansed of sin yet G-d will not give him the
opportunities to do His will or the strength to carry it out properly.
The atonement is not complete until one shows a great desire and yearning
to fulfill G-d's will even after he was forgiven. Furthermore, the
forgiveness he received is not complete until G-d shows that his service
is desirable to Him.
Rabbi Matisyahu Salomon (4) concludes that when G-d said, "I forgive" on
Kippur the Jews were happy about being forgiven, but the process was not
complete. They were still not sure that G-d cared for their service.
Indeed, G-d wanted to test the Children of Israel to determine the
magnitude of their desire to do His will. He commanded them to build the
Mishkan (Tabernacle) and the Jews reacted with great enthusiasm. Five
days later they had all the requisite materials and they began the
construction of the Mishkan. This day was the first day of Succos, the
day the Clouds of Glory finally returned. The Jews saw that not only were
they forgiven, but G-d yearned for their service. The atonement was
complete. This was the cause of the great joy experienced then, a joy we
still celebrate today.
The message of our brief prayer "Our Father, our King inscribe us in the
book of Merits", so often repeated through this season, is we understand
that simple forgiveness does not suffice. We yearn to serve G-d to become
close to Him and fortify our G-d consciousness, thus fulfilling our purpose
in this world. Until G-d desires our service, the atonement is not
complete. We beg G-d to take a step further and merit us with many
opportunities to serve Him throughout the year, demonstrating the complete
restoration of our relationship with Him.
Have a Good Shabbos! May we all be inscribed and sealed for a year of
(1) Rosh Yeshiva/Dean of Yeshiva Bais Hatalmud of Kelm, Lithuania
(2) Rabbi Eliyahu ben Shlomo Zalman Kramer; 1720-1797; the greatest Torah
scholar in many centuries and acknowledged leader of non-Chassidic
(3) The Festival of the Tabernacle, which starts five days after Yom Kippur
(4) Mashgiach Ruchni/Spiritual Mentor of Beth Medrash Govoha, the Yeshiva
ofLakewood, New Jersey
Text Copyright © 2004 by Rabbi Moshe Peretz Gilden
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