Parshas Ki Savo
Tatooed With Faith
In this week's Torah Portion, the Torah outlines in detail how Moshe
Rabbeinu prepared the people for their entry into the Promised Land. He
first wrote and expounded the Torah in seventy languages. He then commanded
the nation that immediately upon their crossing of the Jordan River and
entry into the land of Israel, they were to assemble respectively on the two
mountains of Grezim and Aival that faced one another. Moshe goes on to
outline a dramatic ceremony that would take place at that august assembly.
The people were to split in two groups; six tribes on each mountain, while
the Levites were to stand in the valley in between. The Levites were to
proclaim a selection of the Torah's laws, after each commandment declaring,
"Blessed is the one who keeps this Law and cursed is the one who doesn't."
After each declaration, the people were to respond in a thunderous "Amen,"
enunciating their uncompromising faith that upholding the Torah's mitzvos
generates blessing and abandoning the mitzvos brings curse. Furthermore, the
Torah informs us that before the Jordan Riven crossing, Moshe translated the
Torah into seventy languages, demonstrating that the Torah's Laws transcend
geographic boundaries and culture. Wherever the wandering Jew will find
himself, his commitment to Torah and his performance of the Divine mitzvos
will be absolutely binding.
The question is obvious: would it not have been more appropriate for the
Jewish people to make their declaration of faith immediately following the
Sinai revelation? Wouldn't that occasion have been most suitable for Moshe
to impress upon them the universality and timelessness of the Torah's mandates?
The Sfas Emes explains that during the 40-year sojourn in the wilderness,
the nation lived on a miraculous plane of existence that has no parallel in
the history of mankind. The Heavenly food they ingested was entirely
absorbed in their bodies-leaving no waste material. They were accompanied by
a Heavenly cloud by day and a pillar of fire at night. Their clothing and
shoes grew with them. They witnessed daily miracles and traveled according
to instructions from the Divine Word. Surrounded by constant evidence of
Divine Providence, they inhabited a spiritual incubator in which G-d's
existence was clear and undisputable.
The purpose of this 40-year odyssey was to condition the nation for the true
goal of their existence: entering into the Promised Land and taking part in
the world of agriculture and commerce, while trusting that His Divine Grace
would bring the rain and yield a bountiful harvest. Once established in the
land, they were required to leave their homes each festival to travel to
Jerusalem, all the while trusting in Hashem that their undefended borders
and national vulnerability would not be exploited by the neighboring countries.
It was therefore only once they had taken up residence in the Promised Land
that the true meaning of their existence was to be realized. Thus it was
only at that point that they needed to impress upon their hearts th
declaration of pure faith on the mountains of Grizim and Aival. Only now was
it critical that they absorb the message that the Torah can never, under any
circumstances, be watered down or altered in any manner.
The theme of recognizing Hashem's guiding Hand in all circumstances is
underscored in the laws governing the recitation of the Shema, our national
declaration of faith, and the prayers surrounding this recitation.
Our sages tell us the Shema is to be recited both in the morning and
evening. After the morning's recitation, we continue with "Emes V'Yatziv, it
is true and correct." At night we recite "Emes V'Emunoh, it is true and we
have faith." During daytime, we witness the Creator's presence everywhere in
creation. The magnificent foliage, blossoming trees, and the plethora of
animal life all testify to the Al-mighty. At night, however, this clarity of
vision is absent and His presence is concealed. It is at night when the
darker forces of nature emerge and prowl under the protection of darkness.
Our lives, too, fluctuate between moments of light and clarity and moments
of darkness. However, our faith does not depend on the concrete,
minute-to-minute manifestation of His presence. Even when He is concealed,
even in times of darkness when we don't experience the same keen awareness
of His providence, we declare our faith in His oneness with the same
fervency. This loyalty and tenacity to the principles of Jewish belief have
kept our faith alive throughout the centuries.
The Satmar Rav zt"l left his many students who resided in the newly founded
State of Israel to relocate in New York. His Chassidim were distraught and
beseeched him to stay. "Rebbe," they said, "who will bless us? To whom can
we go for strength and courage in times of challenge?" He pointed to a
Holocaust survivor who was putting away his Tefillin after the morning
prayers. "Look over there," said the Rebbe, pointing to the tattoo on the
man's arm. "Someone who bears a tattoo from the Holocaust and despite what
he endured, is still a loyal Jew who keeps Torah and mitzvos - that is a
person to whom you can approach for a blessing."
This well-known story is somewhat difficult to understand. As heroic as it
is to maintain one's beliefs under hellish circumstances, is it enough to
qualify the person to accept a kvittel and to beseech for Divine
intervention? Can this elevate a person to the status of a Rebbe, who,
according to Chasidic tradition, is graced with a special "direct line" to
The answer is yes, indeed. When a Jew has his faith tested in the crucible
of suffering, and despite the utter concealment of G-d's presence, the
sufferer clings tenaciously to the Jewish faith, that is a crowning
spiritual achievement that cannot be surpassed. This individual's faith is
so deeply embedded, he was able to overcome the need most of us have for a
direct manifestation of Hashem's presence to fortify our faith.
A faith that endures even without such reinforcement attests to the sublime
level a Jew can reach. May we merit to nurture our faith to the degree where
it can weather all challenges and remain strong even in the face of life's
Wishing you a wonderful Shabbos,
Rabbi Naftali Reich
Text Copyright © 2012 by Rabbi Naftali Reich and Torah.org.
Rabbi Reich is on the faculty of the Ohr Somayach Tanenbaum Education Center.