Harpstrings of the Heart
Entering Jerusalem one never fails to be impressed by the graceful features
of the gesher hamitarim, the soaring harp string bridge that spans the
city's entrance. The subject of whether to construct this extraordinary
bridge was hotly by municipal authorities and Yerushalayim residents, on
many of whom the bridge's aesthetical appeal was lost. Nevertheless, now
that it is complete, it exudes a majestic aura and seems to have been
embraced as an appropriate symbol for our nation's capital.
It's soaring architectural features present a magnificent landmark for the
City of Gold, all the more so since the impression of a harp hovering in the
air recalls the Biblical imagery of King David's kinor. For many, that
instrument is an appropriate symbol to encapsulate the essence of
Jerusalem's sublime and eternal importance. A deeper reflection on the
message of Tisha Bav and Shabbas Nachmu will yield insight into why this is
One of the most poignant pieces of our Tisha B'av kinnos liturgy is
undoubtedly the stirring kinah penned by the great R' Yehuda Halevi, "Tzion
haloh tishali". In this kinah, Rabbi Yehuda articulates the powerful
yearning of the Jewish heart to experience the return to Zion. Many of the
lines in this magnificent poem are immortalized in our liturgy and culture.
The poet begins by declaring that the vision of the Jewish people returning
to their homeland transforms him into a harp that extols in music this
cherished, long-dreamed of moment.
Was the saintly R' Yehuda Halevi merely employing poetic imagery? Or is
there a more literal dimension to his language?
The Talmud in Brochos tells us that King David's harp played an important
role in his daily service of Hashem; at midnight, a 'ruach tzifonis,' a
northerly wind, would blow across the harps strings, producing a melody that
roused King David. Upon awakening, he would devote the rest of the night in
the joyful study of Torah.
The question is why Dovid Hamelech chose to arise in such an odd fashion.
And how could the wind blow with such accuracy at exactly the middle of the
night? Furthermore, who has ever heard of a harp that produces a melody
simply from the wind flowing through its chords?
This past Shabbos I heard a beautiful interpretation of this enigmatic
Talmudic piece from my Rebbe, the Slonimer Rebbe of Yerushalyaim, shlita. He
explained that the word used to describe this powerful wind 'tzifonis' is
grounded in the word tzofun, meaning veiled and hidden. This wind, he
explains, was not necessarily a physical wind current but rather reflected
the concealed spirit and ruach that lies embedded in the deepest recesses of
every Jewish soul. It springs from deep within us, arousing our spiritual
yearnings and awakening us to return to our heavenly Source.
This wind that embodies the Jewish people's yearning to return to Jerusalem
has the capacity to transform the darkest of moments of life with faith and
No one gave greater expression to those powerful stirrings of the soul than
King David whose life was a sequence of painful ordeals, upheavals and
endless torment. Yet every challenge gave rise to praise of the Creator and
was immortalized as such in the book of Tehillim.
What inspired King David and imbued him with such profound faith in the face
of constant adversity? It was his extraordinary ability to view all of
life's circumstances as an opportunity for song. Instead of reacting to
misfortune by feeling rejected by G-d, and withdrawing from faith, King
David viewed life's afflictions through the lens of faith and gratitude.
It was precisely at the darkest moment of the night that his internal harp
brought forth its beautiful music, testifying to G-d's nearness to a person
even in the darkest hours, and His control of all of life's events. This
ability to utilize misfortune to uncover the wellsprings of faith is what
transformed King David into a virtual harp.
This then is what the great liturgist, R' Yehuda Halevi, alluded to when he
pined for the return of Hasher's presence to Zion and envisioned our
nation's homecoming. "When I envision the return of your captives, I am but
a harp for your song"!
Our nation's source of inspiration has always been the Akeida, Avraham's
tenth test, where he stood ready to sacrifice Isaac on Mt. Moriah, the site
of the future Beis HaMikdash. Avraham was tested to the apex of human
endurance and he demonstrated the ultimate devotion to fulfill Hashem's
bidding. The Torah tells us that even after hearing the angels' assurances
that he was merely being tested, Avraham's spirit remained unsettled. He had
an overwhelming desire to give expression to the surge of love that
overflowed within him. When he saw a ram caught in the thicket by his horns,
he offered the ram as a sacrifice instead of his son. This took place at the
hallowed spot of Har Hamoriah, where our bais hamikdosh would ultimately be
At that point the angel reappeared promising him an eternal and unbreakable
bond between his progeny and Hashem. It was at that moment that our role as
the chosen people was secured for eternity.
The midrash tells us that every part of the ram was used. Nothing was
discarded. The skin became the 'ezer ar bemasnav', the leather belt that the
Scriptures tell us girded the prophet Elijah's loins. The sinews became the
material out of which King David's harp was constructed, and the horn is the
one the Messiah will trumpet to herald his arrival to usher in the final
This fascinating Midrash invites a number of questions. Could the skin of
this sacrificed ram have held up over so many generations to the point where
it served Elijah the prophet? Did the ram's sinews actually weather the
centuries and survive intact to become incorporated into King David's harp?
Perhaps the Midrash is to be understood on a symbolic level.
Hashem declared to Abraham at the time of the Akeida, that henceforth his
seed would become the chosen people. What particular characteristic
distinguishes us as the only nation that deserves the appellation of
Hashem's "chosen people?"
It is none other than the spirit of self-sacrifice and the willingness to
give up all for His bidding that endows us with meritorious status. That
devotion to our special relationship with Him has enabled us to be
identifying Jews today. Our history is bathed in rivers of blood. Our
ancestors, throughout history's millennia, were subjected to the most
difficult challenges, yet they maintained their faith and devotion to
While many surrendered to the blandishments of an easier and more
comfortable life in the bosom of other faiths, our forbearers were willing
to sacrifice. It is due to their sacrifice that we remain Hashem's chosen
children today. The undying spiritual energy generated by Avraham's
sacrifice fueled Elijah's zealousness to fulfill the will of Hashem. It was
Abraham's sacrifice that forged the strings of King David's harp, enabling
him to sing and exalt his creator even in the valley of death.
It is this forceful spirit connecting heaven and earth that wells within the
collective soul of the Jewish people that will generate the ultimate
redemption in the messianic era.
In our own lives we too are pulled down by the nagging needs and emotional
shortcomings of our life conditions . We, too, like Abrahams' ram, are
caught in the thicket of life's problems and roadblocks. How can we break
free of the limitations that thwart us from fulfilling our potential?
We can only hope to succeed by following Abraham's example, imbuing
ourselves with a spirit of self-sacrifice and affirming our allegiance to
the Torah. We must demonstrate a willingness to transcend pettiness and
superficiality, and to dedicate our energies, instead, to our beloved
Creator. Only then can we hope to transform ourselves, as did King David,
into "musical instruments" that will carry us through all the vicissitudes
of life with a soaring, unflinching faith.
Wishing you a wonderful Shabbos.
Rabbi Naftali Reich
Text Copyright © 2014 by Rabbi Naftali Reich and Torah.org.
Rabbi Reich is on the faculty of the Ohr Somayach Tanenbaum Education Center.