by Rabbi Yaakov Menken
"And G-d said, let us let us make Adam in our own form and image..." [1:26]
"And Adam lived for 130 years, and he had a son in his image, like his form,
and he gave him the name Shes [Seth]." [5:4]
There is an obvious parallel between the two verses, the idea that the "form
and image" that was given to Adam was passed on to Shes. As the Ramban
[Nachmanides] points out, "It is known that all descendents of living beings
are in the image and form of their parents, but because Adam was uplifted in
[G-d's] image... the verse explains here that even his descendents were
We must then ask why this is mentioned only concerning Shes, and not his
older brothers Kayin and Hevel [Cain and Abel, of course]. The Ramban merely
says that it is most relevant concerning Shes, because only his descendents
survived the flood of Noach - thus indicating that we too share this image.
The Ohr HaChaim, however, a much later commentator and a Chassidic scholar,
mentions an alternative explanation as well - that Shes was much further
removed from the transgression of Adam and Chava in the garden of Eden. Thus
he was born from parents who had time to cleanse themselves.
How do we reconcile these two apparently contradictory explanations? Is the
Image of G-d granted to everyone, or only to those who are born holy and
removed from transgression?
I would like to offer the following: we know that a person can make immoral
choices that distance him or her from G-d. And as we "start off" with what
our parents have given us and trained us to do, we all are distanced to a
greater or lesser extent... because no one is totally free of transgression
(yes, even our mothers!).
What does the verse tell us? That distancing ourselves from G-d clouds the
image! While all of Adam's children possessed it, it was most apparent in
Shes, who was born and raised removed from sin. That is my attempt to
resolve the contradiction.
And we can take this point still further, because Adam himself was first
created in G-d's image. Having that image - and showing it - is our natural
state of being! Not only sexual immorality involves "unnatural acts" -
thievery, murder, or any type of transgression is unnatural!
A holy person doesn't go to sleep with guilt over his terrible deeds, he or
she takes no notice of slights or insults... is it any wonder that his or
her face should shine with a childlike radiance, reflecting [sic] a happy
and innocent soul? Well, you can have it too - it's inside you now.
Text Copyright © 1995 Rabbi Yaakov Menken and Project Genesis, Inc.
The author is the Director of Project Genesis.