by Rabbi Yaakov Menken
"If one is poor, and he cannot afford [the regular sacrifice]..." [14:21]
While the first parsha this week, Tazria, concerns the acquisition of
impurity, the second reading of Metzorah begins by describing the
purification process of the Metzorah, one afflicted with Tzora'as (often
[inadequately] translated as "leprosy"). The parsha first describes the
regular sacrifice, but then offers a second, less expensive sacrifice for a
person who cannot afford the standard obligation.
Rabbi Yisroel Mayer Kagan, the Chofetz Chaim, applies this concept to our
day: to "serve G-d" means something different for each person, dependent on
his or her current "wealth." He reprimands those who use the world around
them as an excuse to relax. There are some people, he says, who learn Torah
and pray to some extent, and tell themselves that if they are really not
performing their obligations properly, their friends and neighbors do not
even reach their own level of mediocre performance.
He explains that these excuse-makers fail to see that those friends and
neighbors are "poor in understanding," meaning that they do not understand
their obligations at the same level. If one is poor, he can make do with a
less expensive sacrifice, but a wealthy individual who brings the offering
of the poor does not fulfill his obligation. So too in the performance of
Mitzvos - a scholar is expected to demonstrate extra precision.
There is a flip side to this as well, which also deserves our consideration.
Every week, we at Project Genesis receive letters from around the world from
Jews who have never studied their own Judaism seriously, and don't know
where to begin. They look at our various offerings, and wonder how they can
ever understand it all.
First of all, we should be providing more introductory material on our Web
site, to help people get started. This is a section that we do hope to
create and develop over the coming months, with the generous support of
readers and other contributors. Please be patient as we develop this resource.
A new reader should also realize that he or she is not expected to
understand everything, and that this represents no failure. A person can
only absorb so much, and one without an extensive background can fulfill his
or her obligation with less material and a lesser level of understanding.
There was a Jewish man who was inducted into the Czar's army as a young boy
(as was customary at that time), and as a result never received a solid
Jewish education. Nonetheless, when he finally left Russia, he settled in
New York and began to faithfully attend a local class in Talmud intended for
those with a far more extensive background. It was clear that he understood
little or nothing of what was being discussed, so some asked him why he
bothered to attend.
"In the Tsar's army," he replied, "I was required each morning to recite the
names of the members of the royal family, and all the Tsar's closest
advisers, all from memory. When I reach the Heavenly Court, at least I will
be able to identify the leading members of G-d's 'family,' the scholars of
Whatever a person understands is valuable, and is a step forward. As with
everything else, Jewish studies come "one step at a time!"
Text Copyright © 1996 Rabbi Yaakov Menken and Project Genesis, Inc.
The author is the Director of Project Genesis.