by Rabbi Yaakov Menken
"And it will be, when your sons will say to you, 'What is this service to
you?' And you will say, 'it is the Passover sacrifice to G-d, who passed
over the houses of the Children of Israel in Egypt, when He struck Egypt,
and our houses He saved.'..." [Ex. 12:26-27]
The Ohr Somayach, Rabbi Meir Simcha of Dvinsk, notes that the above is the
question of the Wicked Son in the Haggadah. He then asks, why is the
language here different than in the other cases?
The question of the Wise Son is found in Deuteronomy 6:20: "When your son
will ask you tomorrow, saying, 'What are the witnesses and the decrees and
the laws, which Hashem our G-d has commanded You?'" The Simple Son asks in
Exodus 13:14, "And it will be, when your son asks you tomorrow, saying,
'What is this?' And you will say to him, 'With a mighty hand G-d took us
out of Egypt, from the house of servitude.'" And concerning the son who
does not even know what to ask, we do it for him: "And you will tell it to
your son on that day, saying, 'it is because of this that G-d did for me
when I left Egypt.'" [Shmos 13:8]
In each of these we find the additional, apparently redundant word
"saying." Only the wicked sons "say [it] to you" straight the first time.
Why the repetition?
Reb Meir Simcha takes us to a Medrash at the beginning of Parshas
Vaeschanan, Deut. 3:23. "And [Moshe] prayed to G-d at that hour, saying..."
-- again, the word saying is appended. Rashi (Rabbi Shlomo Yitzchaki)
explains from the Medrash that Moshe is demanding an answer. That is what
is happening when the Torah adds an extra "saying," it is demanding a response.
And this, says the Ohr Somayach, is the difference between this son and the
others. The others are all demanding an answer. They want to know! The
Wicked Son, on the other hand, has no desire to know. He just wants to
mock. "What's it to you? What do you need this for?"
The Vilna Gaon, Rabbi Eliyahu Kramer, offers the same answer to a different
question. In the Torah, the wicked sons ask their question and we respond,
"it is the Passover sacrifice to G-d..." But in the Haggadah, we blunt his
teeth and say, "because of what G-d did for _me_ when I left Egypt" --
saying that had he been there, he would not have been redeemed.
The Gaon explains that since the Wicked Son intends to mock rather than to
ask a question, you "blunt his teeth" with a reply which blunts his
mockery. The "reply" given in the Torah isn't for the sons at all. It is
only intended to help us to strengthen ourselves, to remind us that indeed
the Haggadah serves a great purpose and has a great meaning. The proof? The
Torah says "and you will say..." -- not "and you will say to _him_." You
aren't responding to him at all, just teaching yourself.
When someone comes to mock or make fun, there is no reason to provide a
serious answer to his or her question -- it will not help in any case. That
person does not want a response, and no response will be acceptable. The
only thing you can do is blunt his mockery.
But we also see a second lesson here, in the Medrash and the Ohr Somayach
which says that one who uses the expression "saying" is waiting for an
answer. How many times do we see Hashem use this expression? Countless
times! From "And G-d spoke to man, saying 'be fruitful and multiply'" until
"And G-d spoke to Moshe on that very day, saying 'go up onto this mountain
of Avarim, Mt. Nevo... and die on the mountain which you will ascend...'"
Is there a dialogue with G-d? Of course! He says to each person, "here, I
love you, here is my Torah, here is a Mitzvah to do, for you. Will you do
it?" And the Torah uses the expression "saying" -- meaning that G-d, too,
is waiting for our answer!