Torah.org Home Subscribe Services Support Us
  LifeLine
Print Version

Email this article to a friend

Mishpatim

by Rabbi Yaakov Menken


"If you see the donkey of someone you hate struggling under its burden, shall you refrain from helping to unload it? You shall certainly unload it with him." [23:5]

The Tosfos, a major commentary on the Talmud, discusses this verse. The authors ask a simple question: why does this mitzvah focus upon someone you hate? The obvious, simple answer is that this applies even to someone you hate. But the Tosfos provides us with a far more profound reason for highlighting this particular case.

Obviously, this does not refer to someone whom you dislike as an individual. To hate your brother or sister is prohibited by the Torah, and without question any mitzvah to help would apply to any such person without being specified. What the Torah is discussing here, then, is a person whom you know engages in deliberate, evil behavior. In this case, you have an obligation to hate the evil actions, and to even demonstrate hatred towards the person doing them -- to distance yourself from evil.

The problem is that over the course of time, mitzvah hatred can easily transform itself into personal hatred. Instead of distancing myself from evil, I end up participating in the evil of gratuitous hatred.

If I demonstrate hatred because of the person's evil actions, he or she will begin to hate me as well. "Like a face reflected in the water, so is the heart of a person towards another" -- the way another person feels towards you is a reflection of the way you behave towards that person. And even if the hatred is because I have this mitzvah to hate evil, that person's hatred towards me is no mitzvah at all, but simply personal. What happens then? Even my hatred towards that person becomes personal as well. No longer a mitzvah, my behavior becomes the very opposite of what the Torah desires.

Therefore, says the Torah, we must extend ourselves to help that person when he or she is in distress. There is a limit, a boundary, to what is called a mitzvah of hatred. A vital undercurrent of love must remain!

Sponsored for the speedy healing of Aharon Yoel ben Pinyah.


 






ARTICLES ON NOACH:

View Complete List

It's All About Redemption Part II
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5766

Making It Perfect
Rabbi Pinchas Avruch - 5763

Choosing Sides
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5771

> Don't Shout at Me!
Rabbi Yaakov Menken - 5760

Noach Did Not Become Wicked, He Just Became Plain
- 5768

How To Need Nothing And Have Everything
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5764

ArtScroll

People In Stone Houses Should Not Cast Bricks
Rabbi Yochanan Zweig - 5771

The Roots of Evil
Rabbi Naftali Reich - 5768

Understanding the Faith of Noach
Rabbi Yosef Kalatsky - 5763

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

Intellectual Beliefs
Shlomo Katz - 5758

Home Alone
Rabbi Mordechai Kamenetzky - 5756

Hide the Shame
Rabbi Dovid Green - 5758

Looking for a Chavrusah?

A Second Chance
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5759

Noach's Lessons for Our Day
Rabbi Yaakov Menken - 5762

Join the Voices in the Ark
Rabbi Label Lam - 5774

A Place To Be
Rabbi Yochanan Zweig - 5772



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information