by Rabbi Yaakov Menken
"And [G-d] took [Avraham] outside, and said to him, 'Please look up into the
heavens, and count the stars if you can,' and He said, 'So will be your
descendants.' And he trusted in HaShem, and he considered it for him as
G-d promises to Avraham that he will have a son to inherit him, and a
multitude of descendants. And then, the Torah says, Avraham "trusted in
HaShem." Rashi explains that here he did not ask G-d for a sign or signal,
which he did request when G-d promised the land of Canaan to his descendants
The next phrase is truly perplexing - "and he considered it for him as
Tzedakah." Rashi says that G-d considered Avraham's trust to be meritorious,
and to demonstrate righteousness (Tzedakah). The Ramban (Nachmanides)
challenges this explanation - how could Avraham, a prophet of G-d, who
talked to G-d and recognized Him as all-powerful, fail to trust G-d?
Especially when Avraham demonstrates his faith by going through a series of
trials, and is even willing to destroy his life's work (and contradict all
he knew about the nature of G-d) by slaughtering his only son - how could
this same Avraham fail to trust in G-d for a good thing such as this?
Therefore the Ramban offers an entirely different explanation of the phrase,
saying that Avraham is the subject in both parts of the verse: he trusted in
G-d, and considered the promise to be benevolence (Tzedakah). Avraham did
not conclude that he was receiving this promise as a reward based on his
merits, even though he had been told that they were very great - rather, he
attributed it to G-d's kindness.
In my mind, Avraham's greatness can be seen in this alone. Even after being
told by none less than G-d Himself how great his merits were, Avraham still
attributed a great promise such as this to G-d's kindness. How often do we
think that we "deserve better," and wonder why G-d has not given us more?
Avraham teaches us to recognize what we find in the prayers for Shabbos
morning: "If our mouths were filled with song like the sea... and our legs
light as the deer, we would be incapable of thanking You... for one of the
thousands upon thousands of thousands... of the kindnesses which You have
bestowed upon our forefathers and upon us."
The Ramban points out that a reward for merit can be withdrawn, if at a
later time the honoree no longer deserves the honor. An unconditional
promise from G-d, on the other hand, is eternal. And so it is: we are called
"the Eternal Nation." Almost 2000 years of exile have been unable to blot
the children of Avraham from the map. We will still be here in 200 years -
not because of continuity commissions, not because of new studies, boards,
and councils, not because of "our own might and the strength of our hands"
but because G-d promised Avraham that it will be so.
Text Copyright © 2001 Rabbi Yaakov Menken and Project Genesis, Inc.
The author is the Director of Project Genesis.