"Pinchas, the son of Elazar, the son of Aharon the Priest, has turned
My anger from the children of Israel, by being zealous for My vengeance
amongst them; and [thus] I did not destroy the children of Israel in My
vengeance. Therefore, I say, behold I give to him My Covenant of Peace."
Pinchas killed two people while they were committing a sin together, and
yet he was given the Covenant of Peace. It seems contradictory to us; why
should killing someone be considered an act of peace, or be rewarded with
Rabbi Shimshon Raphael Hirsch answers that peace can only be maintained
when we are at peace with G-d. Pinchas restored that Peace. What Pinchas
did may not have been peaceful, but it restored Peace.
Rabbi Zev Leff, Rav of Moshav Matisyahu, goes still further. He says that
our conception of peace is very much mistaken. What Pinchas did, fighting
evil on G-d's behalf, was itself peaceful. Fighting is not inherently
evil; it depends what the fight is about!
If you have spent time in a university library, then you know it is a
quiet place -- very quiet. The silence is strictly enforced, and anyone
speaking in a normal voice will be told that he or she is "disturbing the
If, on the other hand, you have entered a Bais Medrash, a traditional
House of Study, then you know the opposite is true. When the windows are
open, you can tell the difference from a block away! From the outside you
would imagine that everyone was fighting, and, of course, you would be
right. But at the same time, you will find inside a level of camaraderie
rarely duplicated elsewhere -- certainly far exceeding that found in the
average university. War and Peace coexist.
Rabbi Leff then brings the point home, quite literally. People imagine, he
says (and we know), that "Shalom Bayis," peace in the home, refers to a
house where people never raise their voices, where bliss and serenity
reign. This, he says, is not Shalom Bayis -- this is a cemetery!
There is harmony and unity, he says, when both partners are thinking about
what is best for the home, what is best for the entire unit. There can be
strong, even "violent" differences of opinion about what is best, but when
everyone is working towards the same goal, then there is peace.
This is crucial, because we imagine that our neighbors have this sort of
peace, and believe that we don't. Not so, says Rabbi Leff. This is
crucial, because we may worry and nurse our wounds until we are no longer
thinking about the unit, but ourselves alone -- and then peace is truly
The motivations of Pinchas were entirely pure and holy, to such an extent
that he could even kill for peace. We, of course, can never approach that
level. But if we are motivated by our concern for the unit -- be it the
family, the community, or the Nation of Israel -- then we can argue, and
still enjoy true Peace.