Mikdash: The House that Man Builds
The Jewish people were instructed to construct a "house of G-d" as a holy
sanctuary for the Divine Presence that was to reside within their midst
(Shemos 25:8). This took shape in the form of the Mishkan in the
wilderness, the portable Sanctuary around which the Children of Israel
encamped. The permanent location of the Mikdash, Temple was in Jerusalem
to which the people ascended to offer sacrifices and on the Three Pilgrim
The concept of building a physical structure on Earth for an Omnipresent G-
d, who defies any notion of space, is very difficult.
What does it mean a "house for G-d"? Surely, G-d is Infinite and not
subject to containment. So what possible purpose, therefore, does such a
Where man fits into the master-plan of creation is his choice to integrate
the Infinite G-d into the finite physical climate of our world that is
otherwise conditioned to obscure Him.
Of course, G-d is everywhere. But for the most part, He is said to be
hidden under the veneer of the natural world with its cause-and-effect set-
up that appears to function without His intervention. Still, man has to
see G-d beyond the smokescreen. His life is assigned with the objective of
gilui kovod malchusoi, "to reveal the Glorious kingdom of G-d within the
universe". That meants to open up his eyes, his heart and his mind to make
G-d's Presence a permanent and integral feature in his life.
It is insufficient for G-d's Glory to fill the heavenly realms; man craves
for the revelation of G-d to similarly fill the earthly, natural world.
How can he achieve this? Very simply, explains the Kotzker Rebbe. "Where
is G-d? G-d is wherever man lets Him in".
It is up to man to build the "house".
That "house" can assume the properties of the Sanctuary in the desert. Or
the "house" can take on the form of the magnificent Temple in Jerusalem.
Or even, on a microcosmic level, the "house" can be the human body himself.
One common ingredient is necessary: the said edifice becomes the interface
between heaven and earth, between spirituality and physicality .
It is the seminal place where the holiness of the worlds above descends
and finds its majestic form downwards (Bava Basra 74a). Each house is
prepared to become a model sanctuary. Each house is to become a bastion of
purity that cannot be contaminated. It is from here that a lighthouse of
sanctity and G-dliness will then shine forth outwards and beyond.
In short, it is the focal point of life and existence. Our lives revolve
around G-d and his designated repository of holiness. In this vein, the
Jewish camp in the wilderness had the Mishkan, Sanctuary at its center.
(This was, itself, a reconstruction of the encampment around Sinai when
the Chosen People received the Torah). In the Holy Land, the pilgrims from
all parts of the land would converge upon the Mikdash, Temple in
Jerusalem. And from the perspective of the individual, his first and
foremost efforts are channeled into himself.
The house of G-d and its symbolism is up for man to build. To be sure,
G-d wants to dwell with us, so-to-speak. But we have to want it. We have
to open up our various "houses" to let Him in; to crave for His Divine
Presence to be at the center of our lives and fill it with meaning and
spirituality. And to herald the day when the Temple will be rebuilt and
the world will be fill with the faith of G-d.
This week's essay is dedicated to the memory of my great-aunt Mrs Edith
(Gittel) Davidovici who passed away 25 Shevat 5768
The course material is presented by Osher Chaim Levene, author of "Set in Stone: The Meaning of Mitzvah Observance" (Targum/Feldheim), a writer and educator in London whose website www.mitzva.org explores the wisdom of the commandments.