This weeks parsha, Lech Lecha, deals with the 'nisyonos', the tests of
Avrohom Avinu. The first test was alluded to at the end of Noach, last
week's parsha. Avram (his name was later changed to Avrohom) had
recognized the undeniable existence of Hashem at the age of three.
King Nimrod, unhappy with his ideas and the influence he was having,
threatened to throw him into a fiery furnace if he wouldn't renounce
his beliefs. Avram was willing to sacrifice his life in order to avoid
renouncing this G-d that he so firmly believed in. He was thrown into
the furnace and emerged unscathed.
Our parsha begins with Hashem's first words to Avram, telling him of
his second nisayon.
"Lech l'cha me'artz'cha, u'me'moladt'cha u'me'beis
avicha el ha'aretz asher ar'eka (12:1) - go, for you, from your land
and from your birthplace and from the house of your father to the land
that I will show you.
Rashi explains the word "l'cha" - for you - to
mean for your own benefit, but, perhaps our understanding of nisayon
in general will allow for a different explanation.
There is often much confusion in understanding nisyanos. Being that
Hashem knows precisely what we are going to choose to do, why does He
need to put us through this seemingly pointless exercise of actually
acting it out!?
The Ohr Gedalyahu explains that the answer can be gleaned from the
word nisayon. The root of the word is 'ness' - to uplift. Every single
act that we perform in our lifetime affects, changes and to a certain
degree, defines who we are.
Every individual is born with a tremendous amount of potential. That
potential remains latent in this unrealized state until some
circumstance causes a person to decide which way he will act. This
decision and the subsequent stand that is taken changes the person and
uplifts him in a way that otherwise would not have happened.
True, Hashem knows what we will choose but that doesn't uplift us! It
would be like a person trying to get stronger by reading manuals and
watching videos on bodybuilding. He might know exactly what he should
do but, unless he does it, he will remain the same. No pain, no gain.
With this we can understand some basic difficulties in Hashem's
command to Avram. The order of leaving that Hashem commanded Avram
seems to be reversed. One first leaves his fathers house, then his
birthplace and finally his land. Why was Avram commanded to leave his
land, then his birthplace and finally, his parents house? Furthermore,
without Hashem specifying where he should go to, Avram started to
travel to the Land of Canaan, Eretz Yisroel. How did he know that
Hashem wanted him to go there?
The reversed order of Avram's leaving reveals to us the true nature of
his odyssey. In a physical sense one first leaves his fathers house,
then his birthplace and finally his land. However, Avram needed to
journey away from the idolatrous influences that had been surrounding
him. One can first shake off the society and influences of his land.
It isn't such an intrinsic part of a person's makeup. The next, more
difficult step is to remove the influences of one's birthplace. This
has a much greater effect on the person and affects his views and who
he is to a much stronger degree. Only after these first two steps have
been taken can a person take the final step. Leave your parents home.
That which had nurtured him, that which he had been soaking in from
the moment he was born, those influences which had shaped and molded
him, from them Avram had to depart.
Avram understood that this odyssey was meant to change and uplift him.
As the Ramban states, Avram knew that Eretz Canaan was the Holy land.
That was the place which afforded the spiritual environment where he
could fully realize this uplifting process. Once he understood what he
had to leave, it became very clear to him, without Hashem needing to
specify, that the place to go to was Eretz Yisroel.
Shake off the erroneous beliefs that have surrounded you. Leave all of
those corrupt influences. Realize who you are and who you can
potentially become. As the Ohr Gedalyahu explains: "Lech l'cha" - go
to you! Discover yourself! Plumb the depths of your very essence,
appreciate all that is there and recognize the responsibility that
accompanies those capabilities.
The story is told of a poor Jew, Reb Izaak from Krakow, who kept having
a recurring dream. In his dream he saw a treasure buried beneath the
bridge near the king's palace in Prague. Unable to ignore the dream he
decided to make the trip and see if this treasure was really there. He
travelled to Prague and saw the exact spot where he had dreamed that
the treasure was. However, the bridge was heavily guarded by soldiers
and he had no opportunity to dig for this treasure. After a few days
of wandering around the area and realizing the hopelessness of the
situation he decided that he'd have to return home without ever
knowing if his dream was true or not. Just then, he was approached by
a soldier who demanded to know why he kept wandering near the bridge.
He bashfully told him that he had dreamt that there was a treasure
buried beneath the bridge. The soldier let out a roar of a laugh,
exclaiming that he too had a dream that a treasure was buried beneath
the oven of a Jew named Izaak from Krakow, but he certainly wasn't
foolish enough to travel there to try to find it. Upon hearing that,
Reb Izaak rushed home and dug up the treasure from beneath his oven.
Lech l'cha - go to you! Sometimes a very long distance must be
travelled in order to realize that the greatest treasure is within us.
Avram needed to abandon his home in order to uplift himself. He, by
ultimately becoming the father of our nation, bequeathed to us the
'Spark of Avrohom', the strength that we find in ourselves to draw
close to Hashem. These spiritual characteristics are transmitted from
parent to child, planting the seeds of the individual potential. We
unleash our potential and uplift ourselves by connecting to our
'home', our roots.
Further in the parsha, Avram fights a battle to free his nephew Lot
who had been captured. In the battle, Avram had also gained control of
the people and the belongings of S'dom. The King of S'dom offered
Avram to keep all of the belongings but asked him to return the
people. Avram, not wanting to receive any gifts from S'dom proclaimed
he wouldn't take even "Me'chut v'ad sroch na'al (14:23)" - not even a
string nor a leather shoe strap.
The Gemoroh teaches that in the merit of Avram's refusal to receive
even a string, we, his descendants merited the strings of tzitzis. In
the merit of his refusal to receive even a leather strap, we merited
the leather straps of t'filin.
This, however, seems to contradict another chaza"l from last weeks
parsha. Noach, after coming out of the ark, drank wine and became
drunk (9:21). As he was lying uncovered in his tent, two of his sons,
Shem and Yefes came to cover him. Each received reward, with Shem's
being the covering of tzitzis that his children would wear.
Did we merit the tzitzis because of the act of Shem or because of the
act of Avram? Rav Chaim Shmuelovitz explains that the seed was planted
by the act of Shem but it only reached fruition due to the act of
Avram. Shem's act created the potential that was actualized through
Each of us are comprised of these seeds planted by the Avos and
Imahos, our predecessors, our parents, our teachers and our friends.
If we're feeling frustrated by our trying to help others and not
seeing immediate results, we must realize that none of our efforts go
to waste. We are planting seeds... some may sprout quickly, others may
lay dormant for a while, but all have their influence.
May we recognize and actualize the abilities that we have, may we help
others to realize what they can accomplish and may we all together
become the uplifted nation of Hashem.