Torah.org Home Subscribe Services Support Us
 
Print Version

Email this article to a friend

Parshas Mishpatim

Realizing Idealism

Having just heard the exalted message of the Ten Commandments, the Jewish people were undoubtedly inspired and committed to do great things in their lives. Yet, the Ten Commandments, upon close inspection and analysis, are pretty much generalities. What is the definition of murder, of stealing, of coveting? How is one to remember the Sabbath day and to keep it holy? How is one to honor one's father and mother? What does it mean to take God's name in vain? None of this is spelled out for us in the Ten Commandments, as inspiring and demanding as these words are. The words of the Ten Commandments are too vague to implement, too lofty to translate into practical everyday human life. That is why the Torah immediately follows the section detailing the Ten Commandments with this week's parsha section of Mishapatim with its laws and details - the nitty-gritty of Jewish observance and tradition. And, since the written Torah itself does not communicate to us all of the necessary details and instructions, it is the Oral Law that provides the final interpretation and explanation that transforms the lofty ideals of the Ten Commandments into concrete actions and established behavior patterns of everyday human life. People tend to pay lip service to lofty goals and great ideals, but rarely are able to translate these goals and ideals into their own behavior without specific instructions and detailed guidelines.

We have seen in the world how great ideals like love, peace, tolerance, etc. fall by the wayside unless laws and judicial systems are put into place to define and safeguard them. The Torah does not leave these matters to chance or human vagaries. Judaism is a faith of details. I learned long ago in law school and later in actual legal practice that the devil is truly in the details. This week's parsha is the springboard for five or six major tractates of the Talmud, for many hundreds of pages of discussions and for the opinions of countless scholars over the ages - all to establish the details of Sinai and translate them into everyday life. Jewish life as we know it is an outgrowth of these discussions, opinions, explanations and minute details. Those who relegate details to unimportance are doomed to lose the ideals as well over time.

There is a story that ruefully illustrates this point. A rabbi is sitting next to a Jewish astrophysicist on a plane. The professor leans over and sees the rabbi studying Talmud and upon being told what Talmud is - the details of Jewish life - the professor loftily remarks: "I don't need any of that. All religion can be summed up in one sentence - love your fellow man. That is all there is to it." The rabbi upon learning that his traveling companion is a professor of astrophysics, sweetly retorts: "Well, I can sum up all of astrophysics in one sentence - twinkle, twinkle little star!" Life, Judaism, and astrophysics are all too complex to be summed up in one sentence, no matter how lofty the ideals expressed. That is why Mishpatim is such an important part of Torah learning.

Shabat Shalom.
Rabbi Berel Wein


Text Copyright 2005 by Rabbi Berel Wein and Torah.org


 

ARTICLES ON KI SAVO AND ELUL / ROSH HASHANAH:

View Complete List

Bikkurim - Basket Case
Rabbi Eliyahu Hoffmann - 5765

Small Bridge, Big Connection
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5762

The Spark is There
Rabbi Label Lam - 5768

> The Gift of Time
Rabbi Naftali Reich - 5773

Tatooed With Faith
Rabbi Naftali Reich - 5772

The Secret to Our Survival
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5758

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

Self Cancellation
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5763

Parshat Ki Tavo
Shlomo Katz - 5764

Good, and Nothing but Good
Rabbi Yaakov Menken - 5764

Looking for a Chavrusah?

A Labor of Love
Rabbi Label Lam - 5769

All that We Have is From Hashem
Rabbi Yisroel Ciner - 5760

The Judgment
Shlomo Katz - 5759

ArtScroll

The Ever-Present
Rabbi Label Lam - 5774

Shofar - Past and Present
Rabbi Yisroel Ciner - 5762

Giving in to the Dictates of One's Heart
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5759

Showing Spiritual Maturity After 40 Years
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5769



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information