Why Should We Remember?
The parsha of Maasei represents the culmination of the story of Israel’s
sojourn in the desert after its escape from Egypt and the revelation of
the Torah on Mount Sinai. The Jewish people are poised to enter the Holy
Land and to adjust to a more “normal” national existence. Manna will no
longer from heaven daily nor will there be miraculous traveling wells of
water accompanying them.
But this parsha deals with the issues of borders of Israel instead and the
related problems - and to the methods of the division of the land amongst
its inhabitants. All of this is pretty mundane stuff compared to the heady
experiences of the desert – miracles, plagues, rewards and punishments,
Moshe’s masked radiant countenance and the thrill of building and
servicing the mishakan. The parsha even tells us that there will be
murders and murderers in the Land of Israel and that cities of refuge must
be built to house them and protect them from avenging enemies.
From the Midrash it may be implied that there were no such murderous
occurrences during Israel’s sojourn in the desert. In short, the rarified
atmosphere and purely spiritual existence of Israel in the Sinai desert is
now over. The challenges of creating an ordered, just and Torah society
under natural national and human conditions are now the order of the day.
It will take four centuries, until the times of Shmuel, David and Shlomo
for these challenges to be successfully met. The transition from the
supernatural to the mundane is much harder to accomplish successfully than
is the transition from the ordinary to the spiritual.
To help this transition occur, memory of past events is vital. The newness
of the experience of the Land of Israel will be seen in perspective by
remembering the previous experiences of Egypt and the desert. Faith and
confidence will dominate Jewish life when the Jews recall the history of
their existence and their survival and triumph over daunting odds that
were present against them.
Rashi indicates that the listing of the thirty-eight encampments of Israel
during their trek through the Sinai desert is to remind the Jews of their
past difficulties and struggles and how they nevertheless prevailed. Part
of the difficulty that Israel faces today in attempting to build
a “normal” state and nation is that the early founders of secular Zionism
not only denigrated the experiences of the Jewish exile but attempted to
erase them from the memory of the “new” Jew they wished to create.
Thus, the problems that challenge and disturb us today here in Israel –
boundaries and demographics, value systems and the creation of a kinder,
gentler Israel – are compounded by the lack of memory that could help us
make reference to previous generations’ wisdom and strengths. The truth is
that we have all been here, in one way or another, and common sense would
dictate that we therefore remember what happened then.
But, amnesia is the greatest Jewish malady of our day. All of the problems
and difficulties that we face are in reality byproducts of that amnesia.
Maasei teaches us that we should remember where we have been so that we
have a sense of faith and confidence in where we want to now go.
Rabbi Berel Wein