By Rabbi Berel Wein
The pursuit of justice is an integral part of Judaism. Righteousness and
justice are to be pursued through righteous means. Noble causes supported or
achieved by questionable means no longer remain so noble. Since human
justice is always tainted and influenced by preconceptions, prejudices,
beliefs and societal pressures it can safely be said that there is no human
court that can achieve one hundred percent true justice.
Yet the Torah bids us to pursue that almost unattainable goal. It is the
Torah’s policy to fully recognize the frailties of human beings and yet at
the very same time not to compromise its spiritual standards for human
behavior and values. The Torah sets for us goals and definitions. That we
may be incapable of easily achieving those goals does not alter the
obligation placed upon us to attempt to reach them.
True piety, justice and truth are absolutes that defy our systems of
relative morality and changing societal norms and behavior. Yet it is
obvious that we must have a clear definition of those lofty goals that we
aspire to reach. The Torah sets very high standards for us in all areas of
human life and behavior. We may not be able to live up completely to those
standards permanently but a clear understanding and definition of what those
standards are gives us the necessary frame of reference by which we may
judge our life’s activities and accomplishments.
Ignoring or watering down these standards in order to feel more comfortable
with one’s failings and weaknesses is a sure recipe for moral corruption and
Judges and police – law and order – were to be established in all of the
Jewish communities at all times. In most of the period of the long exile
from our homeland, the Jewish society was a self-policing one, with or
without the benefit of non-Jewish governmental authorization as the case may
For most of this long period of time the justice system was entrusted to the
rabbis, their courts and their decisions. Their verdicts were enforced by
the norms of the society in which they lived. The rabbis respected the law
of the land in all cases except where those laws were obviously
discriminatory against Jews, opposed Torah laws or were patently unjust and
Yet the rabbis opposed having disputes between Jews adjudicated in
non-Jewish courts. With the creation of the State of Israel there now exist
in our country dual judicial systems – that of the secular court system and
of the rabbinic court system.
Being courts composed of human beings, neither system has proven itself
infallible in all instances. Yet for the most part all of us who live in
Israel feel that we do live in a country that does aspire to a correct and
moral system of law and order in our society.
As long as we do not compromise the lofty standards of the Torah regarding
true justice we somehow are able to live with our society’s shortcomings
vis-à-vis those standards. The pursuit of true justice will always remain a
goal in Jewish life.
Rabbi Berel Wein