Torah.org Home Subscribe Services Support Us
 
Print Version

Email this article to a friend
Rambam

Rambam

Rabbi Yitzchok Etshalom
Talmud Torah 1:08

8: Every Jewish man is obligated in TT ; whether poor or rich, whether healthy or afflicted; whether a young man or an old man whose strength is gone; even if he was a poor man taking his sustenance from charity and going door-to-door; even a family man is obligated to establish a time for TT during the day and at night; as it says *vehagita bo yomam valayla* (and you shall meditate upon it [Torah] day and night - Yehoshua [Joshua] 1:8).

Q1: Why the list? Once R states that every man is obligated, we know that that includes the rich, poor etc.

YE (Yitz Etshalom) : First of all, he could just be accenting that life circumstances are not an exemption from the Mitzva of TT. This fits with the Mishnayot in Avot which warn against saying: "I will learn when I get a chance" and "Anyone who ignores the Torah due to wealth will ultimately ignore it due to poverty"; Second, each of these particular people has a "reasonable" claim: The rich man is too involved with managing his affairs (and may be very involved in community affairs, to boot); while the poor man has to scrounge for a living -and is constantly worrying about tomorrowUs meal and tonight's shelter; the healthy one can claim that while he is in the prime of physical condition, it is time to pay attention to the outdoors, health etc.; while the afflicted one can claim the opposite; that he is in too much pain to learn. The young man and the old one who is weak have the same dichotomy. R pays extra attention to the poor man who is going door to door for his own sustenance and the family man. This is probably because these two can claim, unlike the first six, that they are busy taking care of themselves/their family and without their involvement in worldly matters, lives (their own, or family members who depend upon them) could be endangered. The Halakha, nevertheless, places the obligation of *k'viat itim* (establishing times for study) on all of them. The rule of *osek bemitzva patur min hamitzva* - (one who is involved in a Mitzva is exempt from another Mitzva) - which is a complex concept with seemingly inconsistent application - does not exempt these people - or any man - from TT.

Q2: The original intent of the command to Yehoshua seems to be "constant learning" - why then is it important to establish times during the day and night - wouldn't it be better to have one longer, more substantial time, during the evening (or the day, if that works better)?

YE: The text of Shma seems to be the hint - *b'shokhb'kha uv'kumekha* (when you lie down and when you rise up). R will address nighttime learning at the end of Perek 3.

Rambam, Copyright (c) 1999 Project Genesis, Inc.

 

ARTICLES ON BESHALACH AND TU BESHVAT:

View Complete List

Like Manna from Heaven
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5767

Understanding Injustice
Rabbi Dovid Green - 5757

Tu BeShevat
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5772

> Freedom Revisited
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5761

Divine Multitasking
Rabbi Pinchas Avruch - 5766

Spiritual and Physical
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5769

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

A Seamless Integration On A Higher Plane
Rabbi Naftali Reich - 5774

Song of Moses and Isreal
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5774

Moshe's Incredible Humility
Rabbi Yisroel Ciner - 5763

Looking for a Chavrusah?

The Essence of Song
Rabbi Eliyahu Hoffmann - 5761

The Essence of Song
Rabbi Dovid Green - 5758

So Much for Miracles
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5758

ArtScroll

Seamless Song
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5766

Appreciation in Times of Pain
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5770

On the "Sent" of Freedom
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5760

Everyday Miracles
Rabbi Yaakov Menken - 5758



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information