Rabbi Yitzchok Etshalom
Talmud Torah 7:6
6. If someone was under *Nidui* for thirty days and did not ask
to for the ban to be lifted, we declare a second *Nidui*. If he
sat [in *Nidui*] for another thirty days and [still] did not ask
for the ban to be lifted, we put him in *Herem*.
Q1: Why is the *Menudeh*'s lack of interest in getting the ban
lifted cause for another ban?
HH: If he had repented, he would have asked for forgiveness.
YE: Just to add to Harald's words:
A component of the violation which led to *Nidui* was attitudinal
- towards the sages and/or the community (see our posting at TT
6:14, Q8). If the *Menudeh* is unmoved by the ban, such that he
doesn't care enough to be reintegrated into the community _and_
reaccepted by the sages - that is a continuation of the same
negative and destructive attitude that led to the first *Nidui*.
Q2: If he is not concerned or moved by being in *Nidui* - how
will a second *Nidui* or *Herem* be any different?
HH: Repentance needs time. Besides, the punishment of being cast
out from the community becomes more and more painful as the
separation lasts longer and longer.
Rambam, Copyright (c) 1999 Project