Torah.org Home Subscribe Services Support Us
 
Print Version

Email this article to a friend
Rambam

Rambam

Rabbi Yitzchok Etshalom
Talmud Torah 7:9

9. If three people declared a Nidui and went away; if the Menudeh repents from the matter over which he was ostracized, three others may come and lift his ban.

Q1: (in most printed versions of Rambam, Halakha 9 appears immediately after Halakha 7) Where's Halakha 8?

YE: Some suggest that because the letter "Het", which is the number 8, stands for "Herem", Rambam omitted it in this chapter. This theory could use some support from other writings of Rambam. It may, indeed, be a scribal error, as some printed editions reckon this as Halakha 8.

Q2: Once Rambam taught us that any three - or one Mumcheh - may lift the ban, what need is there for this Halakha?

YE: We must conclude that the previous Halakha was, as RABD maintains, referring to a case of Nidui declared by an individual.

First of all, there is the problem of the seeming superfluity;

Second, in this Halakha, Rambam does not allow for the individual Mumcheh to lift the ban;

Third, Rambam predicates this case on the first three having left - which implies that if they are still in town and available, no other court may lift the ban.

This case, by the way, is sourced in the Gemara (Mo'ed Kattan 16a): "Rabban Shim'on ben Gamliel says: if one of the students who declared Nidui died, his portion is not lifted. We can infer three things from this: (a) A student who declares Nidui for his own honor, that Nidui is valid; (b) Each one lifts his own portion [of the Nidui]; © If three declare Nidui, three others [i.e. another court] should not come and lift it. Amemar said: the Halakha is that if three declared Nidui, three others may come and lift it..."

Rambam, Copyright (c) 1999 Project Genesis, Inc.

 

ARTICLES ON PINCHAS AND THE THREE WEEKS:

View Complete List

A View from Above
Rabbi Mordechai Kamenetzky - 5759

Our lives Revolve Around God
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5770

More than Meets the Eye
Rabbi Raymond Beyda - 5763

> Father Knows Best
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5762

The “Leftover” Yud
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5769

Fragile Peace
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5766

ArtScroll

Kamtza and Bar-Kamtza
Rabbi Yisroel Ciner - 5758

About This We Cry!
Rabbi Label Lam - 5766

Not So Simple, Not So Mundane
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5761

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

Torah-Sanctioned Zealotry
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5760

Carrying G-d's Parcels
Rabbi Pinchas Avruch - 5762

Seeing the Symphony
Rabbi Label Lam - 5774

Looking for a Chavrusah?

On Who's Honor?
Rabbi Yisroel Ciner - 5761

Great Leaders
Rabbi Shlomo Jarcaig - 5764

Going Home to a New House
Shlomo Katz - 5762

To Win the Baal Game!
Rabbi Dovid Green - 5760



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information