Torah.org Home Subscribe Services Support Us
 
Print Version

Email this article to a friend
Rambam

Rambam

Rabbi Yitzchok Etshalom
Talmud Torah 7:9

9. If three people declared a Nidui and went away; if the Menudeh repents from the matter over which he was ostracized, three others may come and lift his ban.

Q1: (in most printed versions of Rambam, Halakha 9 appears immediately after Halakha 7) Where's Halakha 8?

YE: Some suggest that because the letter "Het", which is the number 8, stands for "Herem", Rambam omitted it in this chapter. This theory could use some support from other writings of Rambam. It may, indeed, be a scribal error, as some printed editions reckon this as Halakha 8.

Q2: Once Rambam taught us that any three - or one Mumcheh - may lift the ban, what need is there for this Halakha?

YE: We must conclude that the previous Halakha was, as RABD maintains, referring to a case of Nidui declared by an individual.

First of all, there is the problem of the seeming superfluity;

Second, in this Halakha, Rambam does not allow for the individual Mumcheh to lift the ban;

Third, Rambam predicates this case on the first three having left - which implies that if they are still in town and available, no other court may lift the ban.

This case, by the way, is sourced in the Gemara (Mo'ed Kattan 16a): "Rabban Shim'on ben Gamliel says: if one of the students who declared Nidui died, his portion is not lifted. We can infer three things from this: (a) A student who declares Nidui for his own honor, that Nidui is valid; (b) Each one lifts his own portion [of the Nidui]; If three declare Nidui, three others [i.e. another court] should not come and lift it. Amemar said: the Halakha is that if three declared Nidui, three others may come and lift it..."

Rambam, Copyright (c) 1999 Project Genesis, Inc.

 

ARTICLES ON TETZAVEH AND PURIM:

View Complete List

Make It Perfectly Clear
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5763

The Mind Can Be Trained To Look At Blue And See The Divine Throne
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5768

If the Analogy Fits
Rabbi Label Lam - 5760

ArtScroll

His Worst Nightmare Realized
Rabbi Label Lam - 5768

Complete Dedication
Rabbi Yosey Goldstein - 5756

Celebrate With Your Whole Self
Rabbi Yaakov Menken - 5758

Looking for a Chavrusah?

Master of the Obvious
Rabbi Label Lam - 5774

Around the Year With Purim
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5760

A Model of Possibility
Rabbi Label Lam - 5765

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

Case Clothed
Rabbi Mordechai Kamenetzky - 5757

What Money Can Not Buy
Rabbi Yehudah Steinberg - 5774

Fear of What?
Rabbi Label Lam - 5766

> Drawing Close to... You
Rabbi Yisroel Ciner - 5763

Build, Praise, Sanctify
Rabbi Yosef Aryeh Schlussel - 5762

Jewish Clothing
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5767

Kohen Gadol
Shlomo Katz - 5765



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information