Torah.org Home Subscribe Services Support Us
 
Print Version

Email this article to a friend
Rambam

Rambam

Rabbi Yitzchok Etshalom
Talmud Torah 7:9

9. If three people declared a Nidui and went away; if the Menudeh repents from the matter over which he was ostracized, three others may come and lift his ban.

Q1: (in most printed versions of Rambam, Halakha 9 appears immediately after Halakha 7) Where's Halakha 8?

YE: Some suggest that because the letter "Het", which is the number 8, stands for "Herem", Rambam omitted it in this chapter. This theory could use some support from other writings of Rambam. It may, indeed, be a scribal error, as some printed editions reckon this as Halakha 8.

Q2: Once Rambam taught us that any three - or one Mumcheh - may lift the ban, what need is there for this Halakha?

YE: We must conclude that the previous Halakha was, as RABD maintains, referring to a case of Nidui declared by an individual.

First of all, there is the problem of the seeming superfluity;

Second, in this Halakha, Rambam does not allow for the individual Mumcheh to lift the ban;

Third, Rambam predicates this case on the first three having left - which implies that if they are still in town and available, no other court may lift the ban.

This case, by the way, is sourced in the Gemara (Mo'ed Kattan 16a): "Rabban Shim'on ben Gamliel says: if one of the students who declared Nidui died, his portion is not lifted. We can infer three things from this: (a) A student who declares Nidui for his own honor, that Nidui is valid; (b) Each one lifts his own portion [of the Nidui]; If three declare Nidui, three others [i.e. another court] should not come and lift it. Amemar said: the Halakha is that if three declared Nidui, three others may come and lift it..."

Rambam, Copyright (c) 1999 Project Genesis, Inc.

 






ARTICLES ON DEVARIM AND THE THREE WEEKS:

View Complete List

Harnessing Powers
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5761

From Rock Bottom to Bottoms Up
Jon Erlbaum - 0

Sense and Sensitivity
Rabbi Yisroel Ciner - 5759

> Children are a Gift
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5762

Wise Rebuke
Rabbi Eliyahu Hoffmann - 5758

A Gift to Claim
Rabbi Yaakov Menken - 5756

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

What Causes One to be Appreciative?
Rabbi Yosef Kalatsky - 5763

Rebuilding the Temple
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5768

The Nine Days of Mourning
Rabbi Dovid Green - 5758

ArtScroll

Eisav's Reward
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5759

Points to Ponder
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5757

Tooth and Nail
Rabbi Naftali Reich - 5770

Looking for a Chavrusah?

Body Language
Rabbi Yochanan Zweig - 5770

No Empty Matter
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5766

Rebuking 101
Shlomo Katz - 5765

Rebuilding the Temple with Devotion
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5757



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information