Torah.org Home Subscribe Services Support Us
 
Print Version

Email this article to a friend
Rambam

Rambam

Rabbi Yitzchok Etshalom
Talmud Torah 7:9

9. If three people declared a Nidui and went away; if the Menudeh repents from the matter over which he was ostracized, three others may come and lift his ban.

Q1: (in most printed versions of Rambam, Halakha 9 appears immediately after Halakha 7) Where's Halakha 8?

YE: Some suggest that because the letter "Het", which is the number 8, stands for "Herem", Rambam omitted it in this chapter. This theory could use some support from other writings of Rambam. It may, indeed, be a scribal error, as some printed editions reckon this as Halakha 8.

Q2: Once Rambam taught us that any three - or one Mumcheh - may lift the ban, what need is there for this Halakha?

YE: We must conclude that the previous Halakha was, as RABD maintains, referring to a case of Nidui declared by an individual.

First of all, there is the problem of the seeming superfluity;

Second, in this Halakha, Rambam does not allow for the individual Mumcheh to lift the ban;

Third, Rambam predicates this case on the first three having left - which implies that if they are still in town and available, no other court may lift the ban.

This case, by the way, is sourced in the Gemara (Mo'ed Kattan 16a): "Rabban Shim'on ben Gamliel says: if one of the students who declared Nidui died, his portion is not lifted. We can infer three things from this: (a) A student who declares Nidui for his own honor, that Nidui is valid; (b) Each one lifts his own portion [of the Nidui]; If three declare Nidui, three others [i.e. another court] should not come and lift it. Amemar said: the Halakha is that if three declared Nidui, three others may come and lift it..."

Rambam, Copyright (c) 1999 Project Genesis, Inc.

 






ARTICLES ON LECH LECHA:

View Complete List

Bris Milah: Mark of Distinction
Rabbi Osher Chaim Levene - 5766

The Moral of the Story
Shlomo Katz - 5768

Out of This World
Rabbi Label Lam - 5769

> A "Sneak Preview" of History
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5761

Emunah: Keeping the Faith
Rabbi Osher Chaim Levene - 5768

Jews vs. Judaism
Rabbi Yaakov Menken - 5763

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

The Mind's Eye
Rabbi Label Lam - 5772

That Fire Within
Rabbi Label Lam - 5765

Of Threads and Shoelaces
Rabbi Naftali Reich - 5770

Looking for a Chavrusah?

Living Miraculously
Rabbi Label Lam - 5766

Once a Jew, Always a Jew
Rabbi Yaakov Menken - 5759

Grace Saved
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5765

ArtScroll

Spiritual Yichus
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5764

Spiritual Lamarckism
Rabbi Dovid Begoun - 5766

Reaching for Perfection
Rabbi Eliyahu Hoffmann - 5761

Rabbi Frand on Parshas Lech Lecha
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5770



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information