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Da'at Tevunot - The Knowing Heart

Section 4, Chapter 11


While the sky may change from blue to mauve, to gray, to black in the course of a single morning; and the air may change from cool to cold, to tepid, to warm in an hour; our spiritual status isnít all that variable. Before we can get on with our discussion of Divine Justice weíd need to review a few points about that.

For while each generation differs from the other, each person, each circumstance, each environment, etc., varies from each other, at bottom thereíll prove to have been only two over-arching human states before everything will change for good with the revelation of G-dís sovereignty: our Pre- and Post-Tree-of-Knowledge states.

As we said, things changed drastically when Adam and Eve sinned [1]. In fact, Ramchal says that our spirituality now is on par with Adam and Eveís materiality before their sin, they were that angelic. Our task is to return to the Pre-Tree-of-Knowledge state, of course. But given that ďthe world will certainly arise from of its low stateĒ in the end, as Ramchal asserts, and given that everything is thus heading in that direction, we are too.


Itís also important to understand that things -- and we -- would need to be rebuilt and rectified from the bottom up. All sorts of radiance would need to pour downward from up above down there first, though only as much as the bottom could bear, until it would grow used to the new light and gladly accept it. The process will then continue onward and upward like that, step by tentative step.

Knowing this, we can go ahead with our explanation of G-dís system of justice and His love, and of His overall governance as well [2].


[1] See 3:22 and the references cited in the notes there.

[2] See 4:2:2, 4:4:2, and 4:6:1 for mention of G-dís love.

Rabbi Yaakov Feldman has translated and commented upon "The Gates of Repentance", "The Path of the Just", and "The Duties of the Heart" (Jason Aronson Publishers). His works are available in bookstores and in various locations on the Web.



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