Part 2: “Divine Providence”
Chapter 4: “Israel and the Other Nations”
Many of us work on the assumption that "human nature is human nature" and
that our inner beings are no different from our ancestors' were in antiquity,
but that's not so. Let's see how.
Recall that originally there were "root souls" and "offshoots". The root
souls were to have regained Adam and Eve's original high spiritual stature,
their offshoots were to follow in their wake (i.e., to have "inherited"
perfection, if you will), and all of humanity was to have remained on that
exalted plane forever.
There were two stipulations, though. One was that there was to have been a
fixed period in antiquity for this to have happened by, as we said: from the
time of Adam and Eve themselves up to the time of the destruction of the
Tower of Babel (see Genesis 1:26 to 11:1-8). The second stipulation was that
*anyone* within that time period who strove to could have perfected himself
and become a root soul, and all his descendants would have reaped the
benefits of his efforts.
Now, this is a very important point for our purposes. There were indeed
people at that time who strove for personal perfection -- like Enoch,
Methuselah, Shem, and Eber. What we're to realize, though, is that they could
very well have become roots souls to *their particular descendants*, who'd
then have served as bearers of G-d's message for mankind, as we Jews do. But
none of those individuals did. Only Abraham, the father of the Jewish Nation,
did. Which is why only we, his descendants, came to inherit his spiritual
Thus when the time-limit was up and there proved to be no one other than
Abraham worthy of being a root soul in a spiritual sense, G-d saw to it that
other individuals would serve as root souls to their offshoots only on a
genetic, cultural level.
G-d is thus said to have *chosen* Abraham to be the sort of ideal root soul
depicted above as a consequence of his having succeeded at elevating himself.
And we Jews, his offshoots, have thus been "chosen" -- chosen to glory in
Abraham's inheritance and to carry out his mission.
There came to be 70 primal nations in all (with many subsequent
subdivisions). And each plays its own particular role in the larger scheme --
while yet remaining on the level of man in his fallen state.
Thus while mankind may seem the same as it always has been, there's actually
a profound difference. For, again, up to the time of the Tower of Babel all
of mankind existed in the age of potential root souls and was dealt with
accordingly; while afterwards a new age began -- the age of offshoots, which
we're still in the midst of.
This series is dedicated to the memory of Yitzchak Hehrsh ben Daniel,
and Sarah Rivka bas Yaakov Dovid.
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