The Duties of the Heart
Gate Five: "Dedicating Our Actions to G-d"
Ch. 5 (Part 14)
The final frontier in our struggle to avoid the promptings of the yetzer
harah lies in the oldest battle of all: "you" versus "me".
The truth be known, deep in the underbelly of every heart lies a simple
equation that reads, "if you win, I lose; but if *I* win, then you lose".
And in the case of spiritual seekers it's rooted in the misguided
assumption that there's a finite amount of spiritual success to go around.
But in truth, everyone can grow in his or her spirit, and nothing would
please G-d more than everyone doing just that.
(In fact, we're taught at one point in the Torah that two sages -- Eldad
and Medad -- were found to be prophesying in close proximity to Moses,
which some others were put off by. But all Moses did was say, "Would that
all G-d's people were prophets!", to his credit, and go on from there [see
So Ibn Pakudah warns us all here that there'll come a point when the
yetzer harah will start to "exaggerate and overblow everything you do for
G-d ... and makes you arrogant". And it will have you despise, belittle,
and dismiss others' efforts as a consequence -- "even when they're likely
better than you in G-d's eyes!", as he says.
On a deeper level what that comes to imply is that there will come a time
when you'll notice the "competition" out there and feel threatened (as a
consequence of the misguided belief cited above).
It might be found, for example, that someone will prove to be more devout
than you, and so "the yetzer harah will incite you against him" and have
you think that he's making you look bad. (Don't think for a moment, by the
way, that people who have striven for spiritual excellence for years and
years wouldn't fall for pettiness and foolishness, for they certainly
could. It's just that they catch themselves at it, laugh, sigh, start all
over again and go onward, while others tend not to.)
"What you should do," the yetzer harah goes on to say, is "wait until he
stumbles, then ... spread false rumors about him that will ruin his
reputation." Because, again, as the thinking goes, if he succeeds, you
But Ibn Pakudah sets out to get us back on course by reminding us once
again of our overarching goal and by putting things in perspective.
"Respond to that thusly," he advises. Say to yourself something like, Now,
wait a minute! -- "How could I despise someone whom G-d loves and insult
someone He praises? Dare I ... bear a grudge against him because he serves
G-d?" After all, both he and you have the same aspirations and values.
Remind yourself of that, of the fact that both of you can succeed, and
that everyone would be better off if you both did, and you'll grow further
yet in your being.
Text Copyright © 2004 by Rabbi Yaakov Feldman and Torah.org.