Torah.org Home Subscribe Services Support Us
 
Print Version

Email this article to a friend

The Duties of the Heart

Gate Six: "Surrendering to G-d"

Ch. 2

The truth of the matter is that we "surrender" ourselves to others -- that is, we subsume our wills to others' wills -- all the time. In fact, it comes so naturally to us that we often don't notice it.

(To be sure there are people who are so feisty and self-assertive that they seem never to "give in" and always appear to do whatever they want to. But it's clear that they're the greatest "surrenderers" of all in that they always acquiesce to the demands of their feisty side, the poor souls!)

Ibn Pakudah reports that there are actually two instances in which we're very often willing to subsume our own wills to another's, and one which is rarer but the best of all. The first two are when we're intimidated by others, and when circumstances demand it. The more uncommon yet laudable instance is when we want to draw close to G-d.

Surrendering to another's will because he or she intimidates you is a mistake and is based on a character flaw, we're told. It's one of the unhealthy examples of surrender we spoke of before, and is actually the worst of them. Ibn Pakudah depicts it as "a personality flaw" on the part of the person succumbing to it that "could have been avoided but wasn't" only because its victim didn't know how to.

He declares (and quite stridently, too) that "it's rooted in ignorance" and that it's endemic to people "who lack knowledge of and an appreciation for their own beings and self-worth". And he describes it as a "weakness and blindness of spirit ... (that) prevents us from seeing what's good for us". So we're obviously not being advised to practice that sort of surrender.

The second instance (surrendering to others when circumstances demand it) is a common-enough phenomenon. Certain hapless circumstances simply *force* us to succumb to others' wishes, as when we're ill, when we depend on someone for a livelihood or a favor, when we're in dire straits, etc. We have very little choice in those instances but to subsume our will, swallow our pride, and agree to the other's demands -- no matter how uncomfortable we'd ordinarily be with them. These instances are so commonplace and reasonable that they stand out as the best examples of everyday, often healthy surrender.

After all, they're the times we force ourselves to allow a doctor, a relative, an attorney, and the like to do things to or for us that we'd never ordinarily stand for, simply because we really haven't a choice. For the most part, though, these are temporary or only occasional instances. And when left to our own devices again we quickly turn around and assert our own wills. In fact, we could learn a lot about healthy surrender from these examples.

But the instance in which we're most encouraged to surrender ourselves is one that touches upon our encounters with G-d. We're to surrender our will to His (and to those who teach us how to draw close to Him) *all the time*, Ibn Pakudah underscores. And we're to always approach His Presence humbly and in a spirit of compliance. It's this instance that serves as the thrust of this gate.

Ibn Pakudah tells us that one who has managed to achieve this draws closer and closer to G-d all the time. So we'll expand upon this in the following chapters.


Copyright 2004 by Rabbi Yaakov Feldman and Torah.org

Subscribe to Spiritual Excellence and receive the class via e-mail.


 






ARTICLES ON NOACH:

View Complete List

Hashem's Promise
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5770

The Purpose of Creation Part III
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5763

The Hidden Blessing
Rabbi Pinchas Avruch - 5766

> People In Stone Houses Should not Cast Bricks
Rabbi Yochanan Zweig - 5774

Send The Guinea Pig!
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5757

In a Heartbeat
Rabbi Label Lam - 5769

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

Law and Order
Rabbi Dovid Green - 5760

One for the Birds
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5756

Noach Did Not Become Wicked, He Just Became Plain
- 5768

ArtScroll

Who By Fire, Who By Water
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5766

When the Illegitimate Becomes Legitimate
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5758

What Was Noach's Greatest Legacy?
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5772

Looking for a Chavrusah?

A Wasted Tragedy
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5762

Choosing Sides
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5771

What a Deal!
Rabbi Yisroel Ciner - 5760

How To Need Nothing And Have Everything
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5764



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information