The Duties of the Heart
Introduction (Part 4)
Continuing to wonder why a book dedicated to explicating the inner,
heart-based mitzvot hadn't been written before he set out to write “The
Duties of the Heart”, Ibn Pakudah thought that it was because there really
weren't many heart-based mitzvot.
But he discovered that while there’s a finite number of physical mitzvot
(613, in fact), there’s a near infinite number of heart-based ones, when you
consider how capable they are of coloring and infusing nearly *everything* we
He then wondered if perhaps everyone was already *so* aware of and so
committed to fulfilling these mitzvot that it was simply unnecessary to lay
them out in book form.
But to his dismay he knew (just as most of us know, and only too well) that
the great preponderance of people simply don't strive for spiritual
excellence. And that when they *do* do the sorts of things that benefit us
all, they often do it for self-serving ends--perhaps to appear intelligent,
caring, or pious to others, etc.
Such individuals not only do the right thing for the wrong reasons, they also
bypass the need to concentrate on certain fundamentals of the faith we'll be
touching on later.
And they include: faith in G-d's Oneness; whether we’re supposed to delve
into the import and implications of it on our own, or whether it’s enough to
depend upon the tradition for that; and whether we’re supposed to say "G-d is
One" the way most people do, without really knowing what they’re saying, or
whether we’re to research the matter on our own.
Many sages, though, have dedicated the requisite time and energy needed to
dwell on these points, as well as other duties of the heart. In fact, the
story’s told of a certain sage who would only associate with others until
midday, when he’d seclude himself and say, "Bring on the hidden light!",
referring to the duties of the heart.
And it’s them that we should emulate.
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