Torah.org Home Subscribe Services Support Us
 
Print Version

Email this article to a friend

The Duties of the Heart

Gate Seven: "The Gate of Teshuva"
Ch. 8

We now come upon a vexing problem. Is it better to have sinned and to then do heartfelt teshuva, or better to have not sinned at all? The short answer is: it depends. So let's explore the particulars.

First off, suppose you'd neglected to fulfill a relatively minor imperative (e.g., you didn't wear tzitzit that day). While that isn't the worst thing and it doesn't at all compare to actually doing something you shouldn't do, it's still and all a significant-enough breach. But you'd only need to engage in heartfelt teshuva and to try to never neglect that imperative again and G- d will indeed forgive you. And we're taught that you'd then be on par with someone who'd never neglected it.

Now, if you'd done something relatively minor that you *shouldn't* have done (e.g., you turned off a light on Shabbat) and you then engage in full, heartfelt teshuva; and as Ibn Pakudah puts it, you become someone who's "always aware of his sin, constantly asks to be forgiven for it, is embarrassed before the Creator, fears punishment, is broken­hearted, surrenders and humbles to G­d because of the sin and tries to repay his debt to the Creator becoming arrogant in any way for his deeds, and does that all without seeing his (other, good) actions as more than they are, without taking credit for them, and is careful not to stumble the rest of his life" -- then you'd in fact be *greater yet* than someone who never sinned that way.

Why? Because "there's no guarantee that the (otherwise) righteous person won't become conceited, or that his heart won't be pleased with (the other, good things) he'd done". And since there's nothing worse, Ibn Pakudah says here, than arrogance and hypocrisy, we'd rank the otherwise-righteous person below the one who'd sinned but then truly and *humbly* repented.

But if you'd done something *seriously wrong* that you shouldn't have done (e.g., you profaned G-d's name), then even if you did heartfelt teshuva and went through all the stages we'd cited before, you wouldn't be absolved of your sin right away. You'd have to withstand some sorts of exculpating trials and tribulations at some point to utterly purge your being of that grave error. And you'd be inferior to anyone who'd never done such a thing, despite your thorough teshuva.


Text Copyright © 2004 by Rabbi Yaakov Feldman and Torah.org


 

ARTICLES ON MISHPATIM:

View Complete List

Where the War is Fought
Rabbi Label Lam - 5763

Put Yourself In His Shoes
Rabbi Chaim Flom - 5755

Honesty is More Than a Policy
Rabbi Dovid Green - 5759

> The Stuff Of Unity
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5765

Helping Unload The Donkey of One's Enemy
Rav Frand - 5768

Is Life like an Onion?
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5762

ArtScroll

Beyond the Letter of the Law
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5761

Slavery
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5775

The Higher Standard
Rabbi Yaakov Menken - 5764

Looking for a Chavrusah?

Finders Keepers?
Rabbi Yaakov Menken - 5759

Jewish Slavery?
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5758

The Sin of the Slave Owner
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5764

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

To the Letter of the Law
Rabbi Raymond Beyda - 5767

Make Yourself- at Home
Rabbi Label Lam - 5767

It's His Call
Rabbi Raymond Beyda - 5764

The Metaphor of Coming In and Going Out With His Coat
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5770



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information