Torah.org Home Subscribe Services Support Us
 
Print Version

Email this article to a friend

The Gates of Repentance

We begin our exciting journey together through the classics of Mussar [ethical development] literature... in search of spiritual excellence.

Our first work is "The Gates of Repentance", by the great and holy Rabbeinu Yonah. From here, with G-d's help alone and in the process of time, we will go to Bachya Ibn Pakudah's "The Duties of the Heart", Rabbi Moshe Chaim Luzzatto's "The Path of the Just", and Rambam's "Eight Chapters".

Rabbeinu Yonah wrote "The Gates of Repentance" (Shaarei Tshuvah) around the year 1250. It's comprised of four "gates", which we'll present now in an abbreviated form.

The first gate presents us with Rabbeinu Yonah's 20 principles of teshuva, which we'll offer one at a time.

First a quick aside. Though teshuva is usually translated as "repentance" or "penitence", we won't be translating the term at all. Both because neither translation does the term "teshuva" justice, and also because our explanation of what teshuva is will soon be offered, and we'll find ourselves getting used to the word teshuva soon enough. We resorted to the title "The Gates of Repentance" rather than "The Gates of Tshuvah", by the way, for the sake of those who might want to look into the work and not know what teshuva is.

The second gate focuses upon the six instances in which you're likely to be inspired to do teshuva.

The third gate offers us the ten categories of mitzvos it would do us well to understand, if we're going to serve G-d deeply and knowledgeably (as well as a lot more).

And the fourth gate discusses the idea of Divine "atonement" or ultimate forgiveness.

Rabbeinu Yonah wrote no formal introduction to "The Gates of Repentance," but it becomes clear that the first 9 paragraphs of the first gate serve that purpose. We'll introduce those paragraphs as we go along, one at a time and point by point. But for now I'd like to present my understanding of the "introduction" thematically.

It becomes clear that while these first 9 paragraphs offer so much, they make one over-arching point that will help us understand just what teshuva is all about after all. For this "introduction" focuses upon G-d and our relationship to Him.

The very first paragraph mentions the fact that when we do teshuva, G-d fosters a spirit of purity within us that enables us to love Him to a degree ordinarily out of our reach. And at the very end of this "introduction" (para. 9) we're told that the greater degree of your teshuva, the closer to G-d you get.

Rabbeinu Yonah has thus "framed" what we take to be his introduction with the ultimate theme of "The Gates of Repentance" and the meaning of teshuvah itself -- drawing close to G-d. For when we sin, we draw away from G-d, so to speak (for one could never truly draw away from G-d). But when we do teshuva, we return to Him (the Hebrew word for teshuva itself means "return"), we return everything to its rightful place in our relationship to Him and in the world. And we return our soul to the purer, clearer spiritual position it occupied before that sin was committed.

And we thus draw closer yet to G-d, the way a couple who'd somehow hurt each other's feelings, then apologized and made amends, would then find themselves even closer than before after the fact.

May Rabbeinu Yonah's message inspire us all to draw closer to G-d ourselves.


Excellence, Copyright © 2000 by Rabbi Yaakov Feldman and Project Genesis, Inc.

Subscribe to Spiritual Excellence and receive the class via e-mail.


 

ARTICLES ON KI SISA AND PURIM:

View Complete List

Mishloach Manos - The Gift of Unity
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5757

Understanding God's Judgments
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5770

The Importance of Being, the Importance of Having...a Rav
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5766

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

The Holiness of Shabbat
Shlomo Katz - 5765

Hear Conditioning
Rabbi Mordechai Kamenetzky - 5757

Purim & Pisces: Not your Average Fish Story
Jon Erlbaum - 0

ArtScroll

The Reality of the Day
Rabbi Label Lam - 5774

The Game is Over
Rabbi Label Lam - 5768

A Cause To Be Effective
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5767

> Strength in Numbers
Rabbi Naftali Reich - 5767

Basar bíChalav: Milk Shall Not Meat
Rabbi Osher Chaim Levene - 5766

Divine Distinction
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5764

Looking for a Chavrusah?

What Money Can Not Buy
Rabbi Yehudah Steinberg - 5774

Purim - Don't Lose Hope
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5773

If One Does Not Own Land, He Need Not Go 'Up' for the Festival
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5764

Let The Cow Come And Clean Up The Mess Left By The Calf
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5766



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information