B'Simana Toba -- with a good sign we begin a new year of Torah learning.
In the first parashah of the Torah, which starts with the story of the six
days of creation and the first Shabbat, we see many "firsts" unfold. The
first wedding, the first sin, the first clothing, the first murder and the
first excuses to name just a few. An analysis of each event reveals the
essence of each of these incidents as a paradigm for all other sins,
weddings and excuses etc. etc.
On the first day man spent on this Earth, Havah gave in to the wiles of the
serpent and violated Hashem's command not to partake of the fruit of the
forbidden tree and then she went even further by seducing her husband Adam
to eat some of the forbidden fruit. When asked why he behaved negative to
the wish of G-d, Adam answered with the first excuse -- "The wife that you
gave me gave me of the fruit and I ate." By the same token, when Havah was
asked why she made the sin she transferred blame to the snake. Herein is
revealed one of the basic problems of human behavior. When one does wrong
one finds it very difficult to accept responsibility. The man -- who should
have thanked Hashem for the helpmate He provided -- a wife -- instead,
blames his spouse for his wrongdoing. The woman, similarly, failed to
accept responsibility for her actions and places blame on the serpents
wiles. Should one transgress a command of the King the first reaction
should be one of remorse and the remedy and resolve not to repeat the sin.
Before one can successfully do so, however, one must accept personal
responsibility for the failure. Human nature says: "Deny it" and the Torah
replies "Admit it".
There is another incident of wrongdoing, which can expand our understanding
of ourselves when we commit sinful deeds. Kayin and Hebel were originally
the only two children of Adam and Havah. Kayin chose to work the land and
Hebel chose to tend to sheep. Kayin had an original thought. "Perhaps I
should offer a portion of my produce to G_d", he thought. He then proceeded
to take from flax, a cheap abundant and mediocre offering and place it on
an alter before Hashem. G-d rejected his offering. Hebel, after seeing what
Kayin did, decided to give from the best of his sheep to the Lord in
thanks. Hashem accepted his offering. When Kayin saw what transpired he
became infuriated and his face fell -- expressing his displeasure. Hashem
told him that it was his choice to make and that Kayin must be ready to
accept the consequences of his actions. Kayin, in a deceptively brotherly
fashion lured his unsuspecting brother out to the fields. The verse
continues, "And Kayin said to Hebel, his brother; and it was when they were
in the field that Kayin arose against Hebel, his brother, and he killed
him." The commentators ask: "What did he tell him?"
The Targum Yonatan relates a long conversation in which Kayin denies the
existence of a just system of reward and punishment and of the World to
Come. Hebel failed to convince him otherwise and then Kayin rose up and
murdered his brother. Yet the Torah does not reveal any of the details of
this crucial conversation in the text. Why not? Some might reply that
Hashem did not want Kayin's words of heresy to be inscribed in the Torah
forever. This makes sense -- except then we might ask -- so why reveal that
Kayin said something to Hebel -- Isn't it better to leave it out altogether?
Rabbi Yosef Harrari-Raful -- Rosh Yeshivat Ateret Torah -- answered that
the Torah wanted to teach that people want to do good and really have
trouble doing what they know is wrong. Therefore, when one misbehaves one
feels compelled to make excuses. The entire conversation between Kayin and
Hebel was rationalizing the murder. So why not give the details in the
Torah? Answers the Rosh Yeshivah, "Because what one says is not important
-- it is only important that one realize that whatever is said -- the truth
is that it is only an excuse. What the excuse is -- is not crucial -- what
is important is that one not be fooled by one's own fabrications.
Accept responsibility -- feel regret -- admit your error and resolve never
to repeat your misdeed. These are the elements of repentance -- teshubah.
Excuses lead to death and destruction. One who accepts responsibility for
his or her actions can be moved to make the right changes to yield a long
life in this world and the next. Shabbat Shalom
DID YOU KNOW THAT
On Shabbat night [Friday evening] one does not close the blessing
"Haskeebenu" with the words: "The One who guards His nation Israel" as we
do during the other six nights of the week. The reason for the change is
that Shabbat provides an extra measure of protection for the Jewish people.