"This they shall give...one half a shekel...a donation to Hashem"
The first of four special additional readings in the public recitation of
the Torah on Shabbat is called Shekalim. Jews worldwide read from parashah
Ki Tisa the command for each Jew to bring a half shekel for a census taken
by Moshe Rabenu. Our sages teach that 3 half shekels were collected from
each eligible individual to be used for different holy communal purposes.
The Rabbis ask, "How come a half was given and not a whole?"
The great Rabbi of Sefat in 500 years ago, Maharam Moshe Alshekh zt'l said
that Hashem wanted to teach our people that when a Jew stands alone he is
not complete and that only when he joins together with others can he
fulfill his full potential. Even one who feels he is insignificant is
valuable to the community. For example, 9 adult males who need a tenth for
a minyan in order to add the holiest portions to public prayer are
complete as a special unit of ten as soon as the tenth man participates.
The tenth mans wealth, strength or intelligence are not a factor. He makes
it happen by joining the group. He makes it complete.
Unity is a primary factor in the success and power of our people. The
Midrash tells of a man who was weak and sick and approaching death. He
called his sons to his bedside for last instructions from the head of the
family. He gave each son a straw and asked them to break the brittle weed
in half. They did. Then he gave each one a straw and asked that they pass
them all to one son. He then requested that the young man break the bundle
in half but he was not able to comply. The patriarch of the family then
asked that each of the other boys take a turn and try to crack the bundle
in half. None of the healthy bunch was able to do the simple task. "My
sons", he said, "when you are united no one can hurt you. Please stay
together in all that you do". He also pointed out that when numbers are
lined up in a row each new addition to the line increases the total value
by so much. But when numbers are written one on top of the other there is
no gain to each adjacent numeral.
The season leading to Purim and Pesah begins with the reading of Parashat
Shekalim. Our salvation from trouble and exile is contingent on our unity.
The Torah was not given to an individual – only to a nation. The verses
that narrate that famous event point out that it was only after the Jews
were united like one man with one heart did Hashem gift us with His
greatest possession the Torah. The lesson is as important today as it was
then. We want salvation. The prompt to Heaven is unity. May we all learn
the lesson and put it into action and behavior and bring the final
redemption speedily in our days Amen.