Torah.org Home Subscribe Services Support Us
  Page title
Print Version

Email this article to a friend

Not Birchas Shema

Although the blessings before the Shema are called “Birchos Krias Shema,” they do not actually make any reference to the Shema. Most halachic authorities explain that these brachos are not blessings on Shema. This has a number of important ramifications for halacha.

The Torah writes that Krias Shema should be said when a person gets up in the morning and before he goes to sleep. Kings are generally the last to arise in the morning, and even they get up by the first quarter of the day. Consequently, Shema must be recited before the end of the first quarter of the day. The brachos before Krias Shema have different halachos, and may be said until the end of the first third of the day (Shulchan Aruch 58,6).

A person should make every effort to say the Shema with its blessing before the end of the allotted time. If for extenuating circumstances he was unable to do so, a person should say Shema without brachos before davening. He should repeat Shema with the brachos later, as long as he has time to do so before the end of the first third of the day. When saying the brachos, it is good to read Shema again, in order that his Shemoneh Esrei be preceded by these words of Torah (Shulchan Aruch 60,2). Just as the brachos are not directly related to the Shema, neither are they connected to each other. Even if one mistakenly mixes up the order, he still fulfills his obligation. (Mishna Berura 60,5).


Text Copyright © 2009 by Rabbi Daniel Travis and Torah.org


 

ARTICLES ON ACHAREI MOS AND KEDOSHIM:

View Complete List

State of the Union
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5766

Lesson of the Goats
Rabbi Yisroel Ciner - 5757

Rav Chaim's Request For Forgiveness
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5768

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

Motherhood & Shabbos Pie
Rabbi Mordechai Kamenetzky - 5759

The Kedusha Infomercial
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5760

The Omer and Holiness
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5774

> Holy Mitzvah!
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5763

Nothing To Fear
Rabbi Pinchas Avruch - 5765

Leap of Love
Rabbi Mordechai Kamenetzky - 5760

Looking for a Chavrusah?

From the Profanity of Profanities
Rabbi Label Lam - 5767

Holiness - Served Fresh
Shlomo Katz - 5764

A Matter of Opinion
Rabbi Naftali Reich - 5771

ArtScroll

Becoming Holy
Shlomo Katz - 5772

Self-Love: Is it Self-ish?
Rabbi Eliyahu Hoffmann - 5761

Not Every Thing is Spelled Out in Shulchan Aruch
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5771

Do it Because I am Holy
Rabbi Dovid Green - 5758



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information