Torah.org Home Subscribe Services Support Us
  Page title
Print Version

Email this article to a friend

Not Birchas Shema

Although the blessings before the Shema are called “Birchos Krias Shema,” they do not actually make any reference to the Shema. Most halachic authorities explain that these brachos are not blessings on Shema. This has a number of important ramifications for halacha.

The Torah writes that Krias Shema should be said when a person gets up in the morning and before he goes to sleep. Kings are generally the last to arise in the morning, and even they get up by the first quarter of the day. Consequently, Shema must be recited before the end of the first quarter of the day. The brachos before Krias Shema have different halachos, and may be said until the end of the first third of the day (Shulchan Aruch 58,6).

A person should make every effort to say the Shema with its blessing before the end of the allotted time. If for extenuating circumstances he was unable to do so, a person should say Shema without brachos before davening. He should repeat Shema with the brachos later, as long as he has time to do so before the end of the first third of the day. When saying the brachos, it is good to read Shema again, in order that his Shemoneh Esrei be preceded by these words of Torah (Shulchan Aruch 60,2). Just as the brachos are not directly related to the Shema, neither are they connected to each other. Even if one mistakenly mixes up the order, he still fulfills his obligation. (Mishna Berura 60,5).


Text Copyright © 2009 by Rabbi Daniel Travis and Torah.org


 






ARTICLES ON VAYEITZEI AND CHANUKAH:

View Complete List

Accompanying Angles
Shlomo Katz - 5759

Stagnation is Descent
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5758

Left to Chance - Yields Chaos
Rabbi Label Lam - 5766

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

O Chanukah, O Chanukah . . .
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5765

Lessons in Devotion
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5756

I Did Not Know
Rabbi Label Lam - 5770

> Torah Education
Rabbi Wein - 5768

G-d Willing!
Shlomo Katz - 5762

Today Depends on Tomorrow
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5771

ArtScroll

Performances and Customs
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5755

A Legacy of Deceit
Rabbi Shmuel Goldstein - 5762

Sleep Soundly
Rabbi Yisroel Ciner - 5760

Looking for a Chavrusah?

Every Nana Second
Rabbi Label Lam - 5772

Never Give Up!
Rabbi Yaakov Menken - 5757

Welcome To The Middle East
Rabbi Label Lam - 5762

How Extrordinary The Result
Rabbi Dovid Green - 5761



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information