This YomTov is dedicated to the memory of Asher ben Aharon Yosef Prero by
the Prero, Klein, Cohen, Spero and Kliger families. May his memory be a
Immediately after the four famous questions themed on how the Seder night
differs from all other nights, known as the “Mah Nishtana”, are posed, we
find the answer – Avadim HaYinu,” “we were slaves in Egypt.” In that
answer, we read that had G-d not taken our forefathers out Egypt, our
children, our great grandchildren and we would still be enslaved to
Pharaoh in Egypt. Furthermore, even if we were all sages, wise, elders,
learned in the entire Torah, there is still a positive commandment upon us
to discuss the departure from Egypt – and those who increase their telling
over of this momentous event are praiseworthy.
The Hagada follows up this answer with a story. Five great sages were
sitting together in the city of B’nai Brak, and they were telling about
the departure from Egypt the entire night. They did so until their
students came to them and told them that the time had come to recite the
morning “S’hma” prayer.
Rav Avrohom Yitzchok Kook notes that the focus of the dictate to discuss
set forth in Avadim HaYinu, and the topic of conversation of the 5 great
sages, was the “departure” from Egypt. It is not the “redemption” from
Egypt, or the “birth of our nation,” nor the “liberation from bondage”
that we are to discuss, and discus at length: it is the departure.
G-d could very well have left the nation of Israel in Egypt. The nation of
Israel, perhaps through political machinations, perhaps through other
turns of event, could have risen to prominence, ending their servitude and
domination by the Egyptians. If that had happened, those who witnessed the
hand of G-d, whether through plagues or any other manifestation that would
have been evident, would have been able to overcome the impurity of Egypt.
The negative influence of the Egyptians on the people could be negated by
the positive spiritual experiences to which they were subject and witness.
However, come the next generation, problems would emerge. People who had
not witnessed the hand of G-d, people who had only heard stories about
such events, would make up the population. These people would not be armed
with the spiritual ammunition needed to combat the sinful, negative and
immoral influence of the Egyptian populace. No matter how wise, how
knowledgeable, how intellectually astute this generation would be, they
still would have their spiritual essences overcome by Egyptian culture.
The aspect of the exodus experience that we are told to discuss on the
Seder night is not the miraculous nature of the exodus. It is not the
redemption or ensuing freedom that we are told to discuss in length. It is
the “departure,” the physical exiting of the populace of the nation of
Israel from the spiritual dungeon of Egypt that must be the subject of our
conversation the Seder night. And lest the wise and knowledgeable
individuals think that they would not have met the fate of their brethren
had they stayed in the land of Egypt, the Hagada states in no uncertain
terms that _everyone_ has to discuss the departure. Everyone would have
suffered spiritual decimation. Everyone would have been affected.
Therefore, everyone has to discuss, in an amount that indicates true
appreciation, the departure from Egypt, “Yetzias Mitzrayim.” The five
sages in B’nai Brak knew this. It is from their actions that we are to
learn. It is their actions that set the template for our own conduct at
the Seder. It is their actions that provide us with a lesson about what we
must appreciate daily when we recall the exodus.