Daily Morning Sacrifice

Israel Rosenfeld (iir@vms.huji.ac.il)
Sun, 5 Jan 1997 15:06:48 +0200

Some 15 years ago, I think I saw the following dvar Torah (Torah thought).
I am wondering if anyone can corroborate my memory or correct it.

******** Quote (?)

The Midrash says that the Daily Morning Sacrifice in the Beit Hamikdash
(Holy Temple) obtains forgiveness for sins done during the night. The Daily
Afternoon Sacrifice does the same for sins done during the day. The
question is asked, "What affect do these sacrifices have on one who is
completely devoid of sin?" The answer is (Breishit 9:27) "Yaft Elokim
leyefet ve yishkon be'ahalei Shem" - The Temple built by Yefet's(one of the
sons of Noah) offspring (the Second Temple) will be prettier but the
temple built by Shem's offspring (the Mishkan and the First Temple) will
have the power 'to rest' the spirit of Hashem during the daily sacrifices
on people devoid of sin. As a result, during the sacrificing, children (not
being responsible, they are devoid of sin) would make a circle near the
Mizbeach (Altar) and prophesize. A person who wanted to plant his fields
would bring his son to see the sacrifice and would then ask him when it
will rain, etc.
One day, Saul, the son of Kish went looking for two missing donkeys and for
the first time in his life, he was present at a daily sacrifice. It says
(Shmuel-I 13:1) "Ben shanah Shaul bemolcho" (one year of King Saul's reign)
and the Talmud (B. Yoma 22b) says "Rabbi Huna said, devoid of sin as a
one-year old". Also, the Talmud says that when a person is given a
prophecy, it "burns his insides" till he says it. So Saul now found himself
with a prophecy burning to get out! On the other hand, it says (Shmuel-I
10:22) "nechba el hakelim"( [Saul] was hiding behind the vessels) , Saul
was modest. So he looks around, sees a circle of kids, and says to
himself, "these kids don't know what it means to prophesize, I'll stand
amongst them and say my prophecy". But Saul was tall (Shmuel-I 10:23)
"meshichmo ve'maalah" (tall) and people who knew of this phenomenon, but
had never seen an adult prophesize, cried (Shmuel-I 10:11) "Hagam Shaul
baneviim?" (Saul too stands amongst the prophets?).

Elkanah, the father of Shmuel, also became a prophet by being present at
the daily sacrifice and being devoid of sin.

********** End quote.

Now, as the Talmud says, "Im ein raaya ledavar, zecher ledavar", if I have
no direct proof, I can bring something connected. In the Zohar Hakadosh,
Shmot 154a it says that at the time people said "Hagam Shaul baneviim?",
Saul really was a prophet. So my memory has some backing.

I am seeking the "address" of the above for two reasons: 1) It's a
beautiful dvar Torah, but people's automatic reaction is, "Voo shtait?!"
(where does it say?) 2) I have seen a number of times where members of
mail-jewish and torah-forum have asked for the differences between the
First and Second Temples and this is the only difference that I know for
which I have no reference.

So: Where does it say...?

Behatzlacha raba.

Israel Rosenfeld