Clearly, there was a beginning to time. That the fabric of space-time
had a beginning is implicit in Einstein's general theory of relativity.
Time, space, energy, and matter are intimately related in this theory.
Thus a meaningful and modern interpretation of the first verse in
Genesis would be, "In the beginning of time, did the Source of the
energy and laws of the universe (Elokim) create space (Shamayim) and
The development of the universe from its origin in space-time is
described in the "Big Bang" theory which has successfully predicted the
observed temperature of relic radiation from that primeval and
enormously expanded "fireball". It also accounts for the observed
ratios of the lightest atoms in the universe. I am not aware of a
serious problem with this theory. There is an unresolved question of
the age of the universe, as a whole, relative to that of some
individual stars and galaxies. But this should be resolved shortly
with additional data.
Thus, Rabbi Menken may, indeed, claim that modern science has come down
on the side of Torah in opposition to ancient Greek philosophy.