The Land of Israel: Land of Our Heritage: The Names of Egypt:
By what names was Egypt known?
The Hebrew name of the country is Mitzrayim (meaning something like "two domains"); the "dual" form of the word reflects
the ancient division of the country into "upper" and "lower" parts. "Egypt" (Aigyptos) is the name given to the country by the
Greeks; the "ptos" is name of the god Ptah. The Egyptians themselves called their country "Tavi" or "Adboi", "the two
lands" or "the two banks of the river", or sometimes "Khmet" ("black", in reference to the darkness of fertile soil in contrast
with desert sand).
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