Tazria - Metzora
By Rabbi Heshy Grossman
"A home struck by plague never was and will never be - Why is it written?
To interpret and gain reward....."
"Said Rebbe Eliezer B'Reb Tzadok: There was a place within the boundaries
of Azza that was referred to as 'the Metzora's ruins'."
"Said Rebbe Shimon, a man of Kfar Acco: Once, I traveled to the Galil, and
saw a place that had been marked off, and they said: Stones struck by
plague had been emptied there." (Sanhedrin 71a)
Our reading this week deals with several types of plagues, each known as
'Tzoraas',[Leprosy] striking the body of man, his clothing, or his home.
The Talmud cites varied opinions, debating whether or not Tzoraas ever did
strike an actual home (a similar discussion ensues regarding both Ben
Sorrer U'Morrer and Ir HaNidachas).
This is quite puzzling. The general principle in Talmudic argument is 'both
these and those are word of the Living G-d.' But how is this to be
understood when dealing with a factual occurrence? Either there was a Bayis
HaMenuga or not, how can both opinions be correct?
Let us begin with a necessary introduction.
The Hebrew term for world is 'Olam', which translates literally as
'concealment'. The existence of both this world and the next is defined by
the shroud they provide, covering up the absolute truth.
It is for this reason that the apostate questions the existence of the
world-to-come. The reality of its presence is hidden, beyond the grasp of
mortal man. This exalted state is its 'Olam', a protective cover that
shields true reality from human eyes.
Olam HaZeh likewise conceals the truth, reflecting the Divinity's outer
layer, a disposable shell of the inner presence that sustains all life.
In a sense, both worlds are actually one, merely expressing (or hiding) in
different ways the G-dly substance that is life's essence. While the
world-to-come is perfect spirituality, removed from the materialistic
matter that defines our world, Olam HaZeh is a physical facade, covering
the eternal truth that is for the moment beyond our comprehension. In both
cases, it is the internal unity of G-d that defines existence.
Were we to live in a perfect world, every aspect of life would reflect the
spirtuality that is at its core. On that day, both G-d and His Name will be
one. In the meantime, we are left with the task of removing the chaff from
the grain, discarding the trivial pursuits that captivate the world, in our
search for a lasting reality.
Though much of this is hidden, in one place G-d's presence remains intact,
His Hand directing every occurrence. The continued sustenance of the B'nai
Yisrael, and particularly, in the land of Israel, serves as testimony to
the One G-d of creation. It is His plan for the universe that they
actualize in this world. Hence, every Jew has a portion for the
world-to-come, his life here mirroring the inner spirituality that is the
essence of eternity.
"And when there is a mark of Tzoraas on clothing" - "This is not natural,
nor a normal occurrence, so too, the plague of one's home, but when Israel
is whole with G-d, the spirit of Hashem is constantly with them,
establishing their bodies, homes, and clothing with good appearance. And
when a sin occurs to one individual, a mark of disgust will appear on his
flesh, or clothing, or home, demonstrating that Hashem has turned from
him....." (Ramban, VaYikra, 13, 47)
The Ramban goes on to explain that the laws of Tzoraas apply only in the
land of Israel, for the very same reason. G-d's presence is manifest only
in the promised land, in the homes of His people. Non-Jewish homes or
clothing struck with plague would not contract the stigma of impurity, for
it is only the Jewish people who reflect Divine providence.
We are left with a conundrum. Because Israel is G-d's land, and the B'nai
Yisrael His chosen people, they are prone to harsh punishment? Because they
are 'whole with G-d', their homes and possesions are subject to destruction
? Would we not expect the opposite, that the evil of the wicked be exposed
rather than the minor foibles of those who are generally righteous and
Think about this: Why do people respond with impatience to minor misdeeds
of their own children, while ignoring similar mistakes committed by others?
Quick response to detail is sign of a close relationship. In their zeal to
improve the character of their offspring, many parents cannnot help but be
aware of the implication of every deed. The obedient child, anxious for his
parents' approval, is therefore keenly sensitive to their reactions.
Similarly, a Jew who takes Divine service seriously looks with perception
at the ups and downs of daily life. He sees G-d's Hand at every turn,
conscious of the depth of their relationship. Unlike animals, or unthinking
clods, who could not be stirred to spirituality even were G-d to address
them directly, the slightest allusion will drive the Torah Jew towards
self-improvement. He lives in a dimension that is above nature, not one of
natural cause and effect, and every incident reflects G-dly love and concern.
This is why G-d brings a plague upon his wayward children. The striking of
their homes and clothing serves as sharp reminder that their Father in
Heaven has voiced His displeasure. The faithful son will strive to better
his ways, repairing sin's damage.
For this very reason, no memory of these plagues can be sensed by modern
man. In a grossly overindulged state of materialsm, our senses are deadened
to the subtle nuance of Divine inspiration. Punishment would lead to
rebellion, not sincere soul- searching.
Hence, the one opinion in the Gemara that claims Tzoraas never was, and
never will be. In today's world, no trace remains of the heightened level
of spiritual awareness in which Divine response was omnipresent.
Much as this world expresses varied aspects of a hidden reality, the Torah
as well reflects differing perspectives of the human condition. With this
understanding, contradictory opinions are often reconciled, for each line
of thinking reveals a particular approach to an existing situation.
There was a time in life when G-d's will was clear, when the slightest
transgression brought immediate consequence. The Jewish people were the
vehicle by which this perfection found expression, where the miraculous
revelation of Divine intervention rendered moot any thoughts of an
alternative order of natural cause and effect.
In the absence of such clarity, where evil runs amok and sin remains
unchecked, the world itself takes a different form, concealing the Hand of
G-d. This state of being as well finds expression in the Torah; the reality
of all existence, defined in black and white.
"The Torah, how one should behave, is comparable to creation. Just as
creation is their repair, similarly, the Torah is the repair of existence."
(Gur Aryeh, VaYikra,12, 2)
As G-d is One, and His people are One, so too, the Torah and creation are
JerusalemViews, Copyright (c) 1999 by Rabbi Heshy Grossman and Project