Demons and Ghosts1
They would slaughter to demons without power, gods whom they knew not –
newcomers, recently arrived, whom your ancestors did not dread.
How are we to understand these demons? Are they real, but assigned
exaggerated power by some people? Or are they as imaginary as the other
“gods” of the pasuk – complete inventions, without any basis at all in fact?
If there is nothing to them at all, why mention them alongside the false
gods? Why would the pasuk need to tell us about two non-entities – demons
and gods – that differ only in their names?
While most of us cannot contribute much to the discussion based on our
direct experience with demons, we can make progress by studying the words
related to שד, the word for demon. We then find שוד and שדד. The latter
means plundering through typical, physical means and force; the former
connotes causing damage through something invisible. From these verb forms
we can narrow in on what shedim (the noun form related to the verbs) are all
about. They are injurious to progress and prosperity. Invisibly and
inexplicably, they sow damage and destruction. We need not know how they
allegedly work, or go about their mischief. We have an idea of their
consequences – and their mystery.
These demons are not divine, even in the minds of those who serve them.
Moreover, those who serve demons also have gods - and these gods have much
in common with demons. Both are served because people come to fear their
power. They may be recent arrivals, newly fabricated by Man’s imagination,
rather than old deities. These objects of veneration and service are not
part of a culture that dutifully carries on an old tradition. To the
contrary, people’s “ancestors did not dread” these demons and gods. Still,
they move to the focus of people’s attention, and keep populations spellbound
This is the point, perhaps, of the pasuk. When people drift away from belief
in Hashem, they may think that they have found freedom from His demands, but
they have really enslaved themselves to all forces that can be imagined,
both real and fictitious. When they served Hashem, they could count on His
protection, and face the future intrepidly. Now, they have become prisoners
to whatever their minds can conjure up. There is no limit to what they come
to fear. They commit their energies attempting to neutralize a host of
invisible demons. Their “freedom” from serving Hashem imprisons them in
uncounted dungeons created by their own dreaded concerns – some real, and
some born of irrational superstition.
When connected to Hashem, Man can behold all around him with confidence. He
sees the power of Truth and Good to conquer and subjugate all else. He does
not fear darkness, certain that in time it will be replaced by Light. Buoyed
by his knowledge of immortality and eternity, even death is not the horrible
specter that it is for others. He ventures into new places feeling the Hand
of G-d holding his own, and walks forward resolutely. When Man abandons the
true G-d, however, the future, the unknown, the misunderstood – all of them
become demon-like forces of destruction in his mind, sapping his strength
Trading in G-d for newly-invented systems of belief and devotion, the Light
no longer is available. Instead, Man sentences himself to a darkness
populated by all sorts of ghosts and demons.
1. Based on the Hirsch Chumash Devarim 32:17