Sefer Bamidbar describes the travels of the Bnei Yisroel in the desert
over the forty-year period that began with the miraculous exodus from
Mitzrayim and ended with the Jews poised to enter the Promised Land of
Parshas Masei concludes Sefer Bamidbar with a listing of each of the forty-
two encampments of the Jews in the desert. Rashi comments that although
the B’nei Yisroel were forced to pick up their tent stakes and relocate in
the midbar numerous times, Hashem’s mercy is still evident. The Jews were
punished for the sin of listening to the meraglim (spies) by being forced
to “wander in the desert for forty years (Bamidbar 14:33).” Rashi point
out that aside from fourteen relocations during the first year that they
left Egypt and eight during the fortieth year, there were only twenty
moves during a thirty-eight year period of relative tranquility.
The other main topic mentioned in this week’s parsha is the halachos
(laws) related to one who kills accidentally. The Torah notes that once
such a tragic event occurs, the person who took the life of another,
albeit inadvertently, is required to immediately run to an Ir Miklat
(a “city of refuge”), where he remains until the death of the Kohein Gadol.
DRAWING A CONNECTION
The Kli Yakar connects these two seemingly disparate portions of this
week’s parsha by pointing out that there were forty-two cities that were
inhabited by members of Shevet Levi that were not formally designated
as ‘cities of refuge.’ Nonetheless, they offered protection to people who
The Kli Yakar notes that these forty-two cities correspond to the forty-
two encampments of the Jews in the desert. He explains that Hashem, in His
infinite mercy, arranged that the cities of refuge were those designated
for Shevet Levi. Members of Shevet Levi did not own portions in Eretz
Yisroel, but rather lived in these cities.
Hashem lessened the discomfort of those who were exiled to arei miklat by
sending them to cities where the leviyim were also landless. Yosef
Hatzadik (Bereshis 47:21, see Rashi) acted in a similar fashion,
resettling all the Egyptians during his reign to remove the stigma
of ‘gerim’ (exiles) from his brothers.
I would like to suggest a second reason for the linkage between the
encampments of the B’nei Yisroel in the midbar and the halachos of the
arei miklat – one that goes to the root of the imposition of galus.
We are familiar with the concept that Hashem does not discriminately
deliver punishments for sins that we commit. Rather, His middas hadin is
delivered middah k’neged middah (there is a direct correlation between the
crime and the punishment). That being the case, what is the connection
between the averah of killing accidentally and being sent to an ir miklat?
I would like to suggest a direct linkage between the two – one that would
explain the juxtaposition of the encampments of the Jews in the desert
alongside the halachos of ir miklat.
TAKING A LIFE – AND LOSING ONE’S OWN
The taking of a human life – even accidentally – is an act of such
magnitude that the perpetrator should lose his or her life as well.
However, it would certainly be overly harsh to kill someone whose crime
was committed accidentally.
A SYMBOLIC TAKING OF LIFE
I would like to suggest that going to exile is similar to losing one’s
life – and starting anew. Over the course of our lives, we establish our
reputations, create and develop friendships, and stake our claims in our
communities. When one abruptly pulls up his or her roots and is forced to
relocate, it is, in many ways, like starting life anew.
Thus, when one kills accidentally, it is perfectly symmetrical that he
relinquishes his current life. We do not take his life completely, as we
recognize the inadvertent nature of his misdeed. However, it is fitting
that he leaves behind all that he had built up over the years and start
WANDERING IN THE DESERT
Seen in this light, we can attain a fresh perspective on the wandering of
the Jews in the desert. Hashem initially wanted to take their lives
(Bamidbar 14:12) after they had sinned with the incident of the meraglim.
After Moshe Rabbeinu begged Hashem for mercy on behalf of the Jews, He
spared their lives, but gave them a sentence of galus – a symbolic death –
and instructed them to wander in the desert for forty years.
There is, in fact, another striking similarity between the galus of the
Jews and that of an accidental murderer. The Jews in the desert never knew
when they would be asked to move. When the miraculous cloud rose, they
needed to pack their belongings and move on to the next location. In the
instance of the ir miklat, the murderer’s galus ended with the death of
the Kohein Gadol – an event that could not be predicted. In both cases,
there was no predetermined time for the relocation to end – adding to the
sense of instability.
A COMFORTING MESSAGE
Perhaps this is why the parsha of Masei is read during the ‘three-week’
mourning period. In the midst of our commemoration of this long and bitter
galus, one that is seemingly without end, we are reminded of Hashem’s
mercy – even when He delivers middas hadin.
Even when His children were sentenced to death in the midbar, Hashem
miraculously provided all their needs; food, water, and shelter for a
period of forty years. As Rashi explains, He even grouped their moves in
the desert to allow them longer periods of tranquility. So too, were the
needs of an accidental murderer taken care of in every detail (see gemorah
makkos perek beis).
Like a loving Father who disciplines his child while taking care of his
needs, Hashem’s boundless love for us is evident in these two
interconnected portions of this parsha.
May this be a source of comfort to us in these difficult days.
Rabbi Horowitz is the founder and dean of Yeshiva Darchei Noam in Monsey, NY, as well as the founder and Program Director of Agudath Israel's Project Y.E.S. (Youth Enrichment Services), which helps at-risk teens and their parents. He is a popular lecturer on teaching and parenting topics in communities around the world, and is the author of several best-selling parenting tape and CD sets. For more information on Rabbi Horowitz's parenting tapes, visit http://www.rabbihorowitz.com/ or call 845-352-7100 X 133.