Torah.org Home Subscribe Services Support Us
 

The Talmud

The Talmud is the name given to the printed edition that includes both the Mishna and the Gemara.

If the Mishna is a very brief outline of the laws of the Oral Law, the Gemara is the explanation that fills in all the gaps. After the very brief, focused style of the Mishna, studying the Gemara presents a tremendous contrast. While it is concise (one or two words often translate to whole sentences in English), the Gemara will often branch off into long side discussions. By doing this the Gemara often appears to have forgetten the original question entirely... until at last, when the smoke has cleared, every loose end is tied up.

Line by line, word by word, the rabbis of the Gemara (known as Amoraim) examine the Mishna and explain its intentions. You won't find Amoraim arguing with the rabbis of the Mishna. The goal of an Amorah was to explain, to clarify and often to resolve contradictions between one Mishna and another in order to come to the correct ruling - the Halacha.

But it wasn't just Halacha that occupied the Amoraim, as the Gemara is much more than just a dry legal text book. The Gemara is a living portrait of a living nation. The student of Talmud is rewarded with a good peek into the private lives of unusually great people. We see their brilliant minds, their pain, their struggles, their relationships and even their jokes. We also see the common Jew of those centuries, his cares, problems and often remarkable dedication to a Torah life.

There's purpose in every word of the Gemara every story and even every joke contains an invaluable lesson in how to live as a Jew. The Gemara depicts how every aspect of our lives (and not just the Halachic), must be in service of G-d. How much money should a man spend on the "frivolous" needs of his wife? How should he deal with bad-tempered kids? What kind of profit margin should he aim for in his business? It's all there, there's no area of the human condition that isn't touched by the words of the Talmud.

The Talmud (and, by extension, the study of the Talmud) has been the all consuming focus of the Jewish people for the past 1500 years. The intense effort this study demands has honed the Jewish mind and shaped both the Jew and his community.

The Talmud both defines and creates Judaism... and many of our enemies know this. Over the centuries there has been no book more viciously searched for and destroyed by Christians than the Talmud. Many thousands of priceless, handwritten volumes of the Talmud (and other sacred Jewish books) were burned throughout the last thousand years of Jewish settlement in Europe. Many of the great libraries of Europe (including that of the Vatican itself) are filled with unique and valuable manuscripts of Talmudic commentary....

The fact that there are Jews alive today (and there are tens of thousands) who can still sing the song of the Talmud and the fact that there are still copies of the Talmud (and there are tens of thousands being printed every year) can be nothing else than the product of a great historical miracle.

And the fact that there is still a Jewish nation today and that G-d's Torah is still practiced by so many Jews is the direct result of that miracle.


Rabbi Boruch Clinton teaches at the Ottawa Torah Institute yeshiva high school and Machon Sarah high school for girls (both in Ottawa, Canada). You may reach him with comments and questions at bclinton@torah.org.

You can now read some of Rabbi Clinton's essays on Torah life at http://www.ncf.ca/~es625/essays

You can also buy his collection of essays on the Book of Shmuel (Samuel) in printed form at www.lulu.com/marbitzmedia

Copyright © 2000 by Rabbi Boruch Clinton and Project Genesis, Inc.

 

ARTICLES ON BAMIDBAR AND SHAVUOS:

View Complete List

Shavuoth Connection
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5763

You Can't Take It With You
Rabbi Pinchas Avruch - 5764

Everyone Loves a Parade
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5759

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

A Man at 30 Days
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5757

Dessert, Desert, and Deserters
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5757

Torah’s Security Bais!
Rabbi Label Lam - 5771

> The Wilderness:Key to Grandeur
Rabbi Naftali Reich - 5774

Counting Delight
Rabbi Yaakov Menken - 5759

The Scale of Piety
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5762

ArtScroll

A Supernatural Existance
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5773

Souler Musings
Rabbi Naftali Reich - 5773

Enjoy the Ride
Rabbi Yisroel Ciner - 5762

Looking for a Chavrusah?

Removing The Biases
Rabbi Moshe Peretz Gilden - 5765

One for All and All for One
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5762

Everyone Counts
Rabbi Yochanan Zweig - 5773

The Desert and Beyond
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5758



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information
 

ARTICLES ON BAMIDBAR AND SHAVUOS:

View Complete List

Self-Evident Lessons
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5766

In the Wilderness
Shlomo Katz - 5768

Bamidbar: Torah is Water
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5773

ArtScroll

The Final Countdown
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5760

A Celebration of Preparation
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5767

There's No Place Like Home
Rabbi Dovid Green - 5760

> Any For Some Desert?
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5775

The Untouchables
Rabbi Mordechai Kamenetzky - 5759

Taming The Beast
Rabbi Dovid Green - 5762

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

When a Rebbe is Equal to a Father
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5763

Look both ways
Shlomo Katz - 5771

The Desert and Beyond
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5758

Looking for a Chavrusah?

Fire, Water, and the Desert
Shlomo Katz - 5759

A Powerful New Beginning
Rabbi Label Lam - 5764

G-d Doesn't Count Jews
Rabbi Label Lam - 5763

The Preface to the Story of the Moshiach
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5766



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information