Torah.org Home Subscribe Services Support Us
 

Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel

Isaiah (Yeshayahu)

The book of Isaiah is the account of the prophecy given to Isaiah by G-d. Isaiah probably received and transmitted more prophecies than are recorded here. As a matter of fact, there were many more prophets in the years of the first Temple than are mentioned in Tanach (the Bible). The ones which were written down in the bible are the visions that somehow have relevance to Jews of all generations. The poetry of the book of Isaiah is as beautiful as any other in all of mankind's literature - but that's not the main point. The beutiful writing is just the medium of the message; the wrapping.

The role of Isaiah was to transmit the warnings from G-d to His nation...to be the conscience of the Jewish people. His message was also one of comfort - there's the joy and hope of a look ahead to the perfect world of the messianic era.

Isaiah's immediate political concern was the viability of the Jewish state. The Jewish claim to Israel and the right to nationhood is based solely on the observance of G-d's commandments. Many Jews (even among those who remained loyal to the Kingdom of Judah) weren't what they should have been, and G-d wanted to warn us of the national destruction which would come upon us if things didn't improve.

Isaiah warned of the destruction of Jerusalem and its Temple and the exile of the Jews of the kingdom of Judah. Hindsight showed that he was right on target. But hindsight is 20/20 and it was very hard for many people of that generation to swallow what the prophet was saying. How could Jerusalem, the holy city, be destroyed? How could we, the Jews who have remained loyal, ever be exiled?

The prophet responded to these questions without hesitation:
G-d has very high expectations of us, and we're not living up to them. Our city could be destroyed and we could be exiled. Threatened by the bleak predictions of the prophet, Menashe the king of Judah murdered Isaiah - his own grandfather. But the words of Isaiah live with the Jewish people to this day - as fresh and as relevant as ever.

Jeremiah (Yirmiyahu)

It was Jeremiah's lot in life to be known throughout the ages as "the prophet of doom," for he was G-d's main spokesman in the generation of the destruction of Jerusalem's first Temple. But there's much more to this great figure in Jewish history.

Jeremiah was the one who risked his life to plead with the Jewish king to change his ways... before it would be too late. For his trouble, the prophet was eventually thrown into prison without food or hope of rescue. He was the one who wrote a scroll (that would eventually become the book of Lamentations) predicting the terror of the destruction - only to have it torn up and thrown into a fire. And he was the one who, after having been saved from prison by the king of Babylonia, found the courage to face his patron with prophecies of the coming end of that nation.

Jeremiah was also the man who joined the suffering lines of marchers on their way to exile in Babylonia... and who placed their chains over his shoulders too. He was the one who followed the last remnants of the Jews of Israel into their lonely, self-imposed exile in Egypt - despite the fact that they hadn't listened to him when he had told them not to go...

We get the picture of a man totally dedicated to his people, concerned with nothing else than for what was best for them. There are times when G-d decides that we need harsh rebuke to bring us back to the right path, and there are times when we need comfort. Jeremiah was there for us in both of those times - without a thought for his own safety or honor.

Jeremiah - The symbol of a man great enough to lead a great nation.

Ezekiel (Yechezkel)

Of all the prophets, the vision of Ezekiel is the one most obviously relevant to all future generations. Like Jeremiah, Ezekiel began his public career before the destruction of the first Temple and was instructed by G-d to bring the attention of the Jews (particularly those already in Babylonia) to the oncoming tragedy.

It is the accessibility of his searching gaze into the distant future that stands out most in the prophecy of Ezekiel. The book opens with a breathtaking vision of the "chariot of G-d." While there are precious few details of this image that any human being could possibly understand (and even fewer that our rabbis felt fit to make public), the thought that a "son of man" rose to the level of perfection where he was privileged to such close contact with his Creator is in itself sobering. Ezekiel also gives us our best picture of the architecture and construction of the third Temple (to be built in the time of the Messiah), and of the future layout of the Land of Israel. It is interesting, that when the second Temple was erected, as much as possible, the builders used the book of Ezekiel as a blueprint.

To communicate his message, G-d would on occasion instruct Ezekiel to use physical signs and gestures as symbols (see, for example, chapter 5). His prophecy was very visual (see the Valley of Dry Bones), and the imagery has found its way into the literature and thought of all of the world's cultures. What the prophet really wanted, was that the imagery should find its way into our hearts and change our actions for the better....


Rabbi Boruch Clinton teaches at the Ottawa Torah Institute yeshiva high school and Machon Sarah high school for girls (both in Ottawa, Canada). You may reach him with comments and questions at bclinton@torah.org.

You can now read some of Rabbi Clinton's essays on Torah life at http://www.ncf.ca/~es625/essays

You can also buy his collection of essays on the Book of Shmuel (Samuel) in printed form at www.lulu.com/marbitzmedia

Copyright 2000 by Rabbi Boruch Clinton and Project Genesis, Inc.

 






ARTICLES ON VAYEITZEI AND CHANUKAH:

View Complete List

Perseverence
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5762

Some on Chariots, and Some on Horses
Rabbi Dovid Green - 5758

See Yaakov Run
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5770

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

Shehechiyanu in Bergen Belsen
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5756

Stairway to Heaven
Rabbi Yaakov Menken - 5760

True Riches
Shlomo Katz - 5772

ArtScroll

The Inns and Outs of Galus
Rabbi Eliyahu Hoffmann - 5761

Spreading the Word
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5773

How Yosef Got His Job
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5774

> Never Give Up!
Rabbi Yaakov Menken - 5757

Rachel's Sacrifice
Rabbi Aron Tendler - 5760

Two Paradigms of Thankful Individuals
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5759

Looking for a Chavrusah?

Miracles of Modesty
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5762

A Glaring Omission
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5766

Light From Darkness, Take Two
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5766

Fourteen Sleepless Years
Rabbi Naftali Reich - 5770



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information
 






ARTICLES ON VAYEITZEI AND CHANUKAH:

View Complete List

Enlightening the Present From the Past
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5766

Darkness and Light
Shlomo Katz - 5773

Heavenly Protection
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5767

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

Departure of the 'Tent Dweller'
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5757

Fourteen Sleepless Years
Rabbi Naftali Reich - 5770

Nurture the Yaakov Avinu Within Ourselves
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5774

> My Brother, My Enemy
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5765

It's Good For You
Rabbi Moshe Peretz Gilden - 5763

Well Check-Up
Rabbi Mordechai Kamenetzky - 5759

ArtScroll

Whats Holy?!
Rabbi Label Lam - 5774

If Hashem Said to Go, You Go!
Rabbi Yisroel Ciner - 5758

Spreading the Word
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5773

Looking for a Chavrusah?

It Can Only Hurt Not to Ask
Rabbi Yaakov Menken - 5758

Yehuda, Yosef and Chanukah
Shlomo Katz - 5763

Whew! What a Message!
Rabbi Label Lam - 5768

The World of Learning
Rabbi Label Lam - 5764



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information