Symbolism over Substance
Volume 5 Issue 41
by Rabbi Mordechai Kamenetzky
In one of the most difficult episodes in the Torah, this week we read how Moshe
loses his entitlement to enter the Land he so desired to inherit. What
happened is as follows: during the desert journey, a miraculous well traveled
with the Jews. This well existed in the merit of Miriam. When she died, it
ceased to flow. The Jews complained bitterly that they were thirsty. Hashem
commanded Moshe to "take his staff and speak to the rock," thereupon the rock
would disgorge water to nourish a parched people. Moshe did not end up speaking
to the rock. The nation was upset and impatient. When Moshe chose the wrong
rock they chided him. "He in turn turned to them and said, "Listen you
rebellious folk. Do you expect me to draw water from this rock?" (Numbers
20:10) Immediately Moshe hit the rock instead of speaking to it and water
flowed from it.
Hashem is angered by Moshe's actions. "Because you have not sanctified me in
the eyes of the nation, you will not enter the the land of Israel. (Numbers
20:12) Rashi, the classic medieval commentator, departs from his standard
text-based explanation and bases his explanation of this verse upon the
Midrash. "Imagine," said Hashem, "if the Jewish nation would have seen that
scenario. A rock, that does not talk nor hear and does not need sustenance,
produces water by the request of the Almighty. Surely, they would have taken
heart when Hashem speaks to them! The impact would have been far more
Moshe's prelude to his action is noteworthy: "Listen, you rebellious folk. Do
you expect me to draw water from this rock?"
The nation just wanted water, they did not ask for miracles or rock-wells. It
was Hashem who told Moshe to approach the rock. Moshe knew that the water would
come. Then why was his admonition given in the inquisitive mode, rather it
should have been decreed in the declarative mode! Listen you rebellious folk!
I am going to extract water from a rock? It seems that Moshe, himself,
(Heaven-forbid) doubted his own authority. (Though many commentaries explain
the question as rhetorical.)
Surely, the rock-water connection cannot be taken at face value. All who have
merely dappled in the writing of our sages are familiar with the water as Torah
and the rock dry and parched. Obviously, Hashem meant to send a message that
even the driest stone can produce water. Why then did Moshe not play on that
lesson to the rebellious folk and tell them that even the driest amongst them
could become a wellspring of Torah?
Reb Shraga Faivel Mendelovitz was the founder of Yeshiva Torah Voda'ath. Once
he stayed in Miami for Shabbos at the home of a former student. The man
escorted the Rebbe home from synagogue, but when he opened the door the young
man was shocked and embarrassed. His wife, exhausted from a week's worth of
child rearing, and the responsibility of keeping a home was sprawled on the
couch. The Shabbos table was half-set, the dishes placed in a pile next to the
kiddush cup and wine. In front of the head seat were two large challos
The custom is to cover the challos when making kiddush. As the blessing over
bread normally precedes that of wine it is a somewhat an metaphorical
embarrassment to the bread thus it is covered during the kiddush.
The student, who was embarrassed at the state of affairs, called out to his
wife in a somewhat demeaning manner. "Please let us prepare the table in its
entirety." Turning to his mentor, he exclaimed, "I'm sure that leaving the
bread uncovered was an oversight! Everyone knows," he exclaimed shifting his
self-inflicted embarrassment upon his wife, "that we must cover the challah
before the kiddush.
Reb Mendelovitz was annoyed at the man's self-righteous behavior and turned to
him. "Over the years, I have heard many problems that people faced. Students,
couples, and adults from all walks of life have entered my office to discuss
their personal situations with me. Not once did a challah ever enter my
office, suffering an inferiority complex because it was left uncovered during
kiddush! Do you know why?
Because we are not concerned with the challah! We are concerned with making
ourselves cognizant of feelings. We worry about challahs because the goal is
to worry about people. How than can you embarrass your wife over not covering
the challah when the act of covering is supposed to train you in sensitivity?"
Moshe understood the valuable lesson that Hashem wanted to teach His nation.
But if all that was on their minds was water to drink and not the great lessons
for eternity, he questioned his mission. Listen you rebellious folk," he
questioned. "Do you expect me to draw water from this rock?" Do you expect
that the lessons of the great parable can be taught to those whose minds are
only set on the parable itself? Perhaps that is why Moshe cast the great
lessons aside and hit the rock, thus disobeying Hashem's initial command.
Perhaps he felt that a nation that focuses solely on the flow of drinking water
couldn't understand the wellsprings of its spirituality.
In the corporeal world that our sages call a "foyer to the World To Come," we
must realize that everything is a preparation for eternity. All of life's
experiences can teach us how to grow and how to strive. But like extracting
water from a well, we must all dig a little deeper.
Dedicated in memory of Joseph Heller by Beth and Ben Heller and family
L'iluy Nishmas Reb Yoel Nosson ben Reb Chaim HaLevi Heller -- 9 Tamuz.
Rabbi Mordechai Kamenetzky
Copyright © 1999 by Rabbi M. Kamenetzky and Project Genesis, Inc.
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The author is the Associate Dean of the
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