Eating Kiddush Leftovers
QUESTION 65: EATING KIDDUSH LEFTOVERS
There was a kiddush (a light community meal in honor of a
special occasion) in shul for a Bar Mitzvah on Shabbos morning.
There were a few cakes left over, that were partially eaten.
During Seudas Shlishis (third Shabbos meal) someone wanted to
know if he could have a piece of that cake now, and there was
no one from the Bar Mitzvah to ask.
This question comes up often. It's a good idea that the
gabbai (one in charge of shul functions) speak to the one
hosting the event to find out whether the cake that is left over
is available for others to eat. Sometimes the host will want the
cake, and sometimes the host really just wants to be generous and
give the cake away, and doesn't want leftovers. Nine out of ten people
will say, "Take as much of the cake as you want." At a yeshivishe
Shalos Seudos there's only challah and tuna fish and nothing
else, and it is a wonderful thing when there's cake. But a
person must ask.
Is it then a question of theft, a sofek geneivah (possible
So then a sofek geneivoh would always be ossur (prohibited)?
Definitely. But most people want the shul to have it,
most people don't want to take the leftovers home.
So is this just a chumrah (stringency), or is it a din (law),
according to the letter of the law, not to take it if you don't
know for sure?
Even though there is a greater percentage of people that
would donate the cake, and try to get rid of it as much as
they can - but since you don't know, you shouldn't take the
cake without permission.
So it's a din (law), and not just a chumrah (stringency).
NEXT WEEK'S QUESTION 66: DRIVING HARD BARGAINS
The Talmud (Kedushin 26a) says that when Rav Idi bar Avin
bought land, he reserved the right to 'close the sale' either
with money or a contract. Rashi explains that this condition
allowed him, but not the seller, to retract after money - but
not the contract - changed hands. Let's say a person follows
this model, and always negotiates in a way to reserve all the
options for himself, leaving none of the options for the other
party, even if the other party agrees. If one act this way, could
there be a problem, in midos (character traits), lifnin meshursa
hadin (doing more than required), chilul Hashem, fairness, or
emunah (trust) in parnassah (one's livelihood)? Or is it perfectly
OK on all levels to drive as hard a bargain as one can?
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