Torah.org Home Subscribe Services Support Us
 
Print Version

Email this article to a friend

Spoils of War

By Rabbi Daniel Travis

And Avram said to the King of Sodom, "I lift up my hand [in oath] to the Almighty God of the Heavens and the Earth, that I will not take so much as a thread or a shoelace from you." (Bereshith 14: 22-23)

According to halachah, the spoils of war rightfully belong to the victors.1 Since there was no legal or halachic reason why Avram should not have kept the spoils, his actions must have been based on other considerations. According to halachah, in cases in which God's name will be sanctified if a person returns an item to it's previous non-Jewish owner, it is preferable - and praiseworthy - for him to return it, even though technically he is permitted to keep it.2

Avram's first priority was to spread the concept of monotheism throughout the world, and he was always looking for opportunities through which to sanctify God's name. Therefore, in this instance he went beyond the letter of the law and showed absolute integrity by returning all the spoils of war to the king of Sodom, even insignificant items such as threads and shoelaces.

Avram's reward for this noble deed was so great that his descendants benefited and were given mitzvoth reminiscent of the threads and shoelaces that he returned. These mitzvoth are techeileth - the blue strand of thread tied into the tzitzith, and the leather straps that are used to bind the tefillin to one's head and arm.3 How do these rewards relate to Avram's act?

The mitzvah of tzitzith is to tie strings to the corners of one's four-cornered garment in order to remind oneself constantly of the 613 mitzvoth. (The combination of the 8 strings, 5 knots, and the numerical value of the word "tzitzith," which is 600, all add up to 613.) The mitzvah of the techeileth thread of the tzitzith is an added bonus, which reminds us of God Himself: its blue color alludes to the Divine Throne (blue is the color of the sea, which reflects the sky, which resembles a sapphire, which is reminiscent of the Divine Throne). According to most opinions, however, one fulfills the mitzvah of tzitzith even without the thread of techeileth.

Likewise, although the Torah requires one to bind the tefillin to one's arm and head, this could have been accomplished without using the leather straps that are a requirement of the mitzvah. Tefillin straps are rich in symbolism, and according to mystical tradition, are like chains that bind man's evil inclinations.4 Just as Avram went beyond the letter of the law by returning the spoils of war in order to sanctify God's name, so too the strands of techeileth and the straps of the tefillin are embellishments to the primary mitzvoth which go beyond the letter of the law.


1. Torah Temimah.

2. Choshen Mishpat 266:1.

3. Sotah 17b.

4. Tikuney Zohar Chadash 101b.


Priceless Integrity, Copyright © 2001 by Rabbi Daniel Travis and Torah.org.

Subscribe to Priceless Integrity and receive the class via e-mail.


 






ARTICLES ON SHOFTIM AND ELUL / ROSH HASHANAH:

View Complete List

Shudder or Blind?
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5759

Giving in to the Dictates of One's Heart
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5759

Home is Where the Bais Din Is
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5761

> Judging By The Situation
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5761

Self Cancellation
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5763

Time Zone of Refuge
Rabbi Yissocher Frand - 5758

ArtScroll

Life Is Not Cheap
Rabbi Naftali Reich - 5769

Playing Fair
Rabbi Berel Wein - 5761

An Opportunity Not To Be Missed
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5758

Looking for a Chavrusah?

Teshuva and Rebi Elazar ben Dordai
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5773

The Healer Is On-Call
Rabbi Yochanan Zweig - 5773

Shoftim - - Judge For Yourself
Rabbi Eliyahu Hoffmann - 5765

Frumster - Orthodox Jewish Dating

The Fast of Gedalya
Rabbi Yehudah Prero - 5760

Nerve Centre of the Year
Rabbi Eliyahu Hoffmann - 5763

Investment Strategy
Rabbi Pinchas Avruch - 5765

A Page Out of Tanach
Rabbi Pinchas Winston - 5766



Project Genesis

Torah.org Home


Torah Portion

Jewish Law

Ethics

Texts

Learn the Basics

Seasons

Features

TORAHAUDIO

Ask The Rabbi

Knowledge Base




Help

About Us

Contact Us



Free Book on Geulah!




Torah.org Home
Torah.org HomeCapalon.com Copyright Information