Rosh HaShana: Yehi Ratzon - Text and Instructions
By Rabbi Yehudah Prero
As mentioned in # 38, here are the various "Yehi Ratzon"s to be said upon
eating the various foods. (All transliterations of Ashkenazi Hebrew.)
All of the Yehi Ratzons start out the same way:
"Yehi Ratzon Mil'fa'necha, Ad-noi El-heinu Vei'l-hai Avosainu..."
(The "-" represents the letter "o," which was purposely left out so as not to
write out the name of G-d.)
"May it be your will, Hashem our G-d and the G-d of our forefathers..."
Listed below are the the various foods and the endings which are appropriate to
For fenugreek (or carrots - as the Yiddish word for carrots - Mehren - can
also mean "to increase," this Yehi Ratzon is appropriate as well):
"...that our merits increase."
For leek or cabbage:
"...that our enemies be decimated."
"...that our adversaries be removed."
"...that our enemies be consumed."
"...She'yikora g'zar de'nainu v'yikaru l'fanecha zechu'yosainu."
"...that the decree of our sentance be torn up and may our merits be
proclaimed before you."
For the apple in the honey:
"...she'tichadesh aleinu shana tova u'm'tuka."
"...that you renew us for a good and sweet year."
Besides these Yehi Ratzons which are mentioned in #38, here are three others.
The connection between the Yehi Ratzon and the food is rather self-evident.
"...she'nirbeh ze'chu'yos k'rimon"
"...that our merits increase like (the seeds of) a pomegranate."
"...She'nif'reh v'nir'beh ki'dagim."
"...that we be fruitful and multiply like fish."
For the head of a fish or sheep:
"...She'ni'hiyeh l'rosh v'lo l'zanav."
"...that we be as the head and not as the tail."
All of these Yehi Ratzons are said on the first night of Rosh HaShana, after
Kiddush has been made, and after the blessing over the Chalos (bread) has
been made and the bread has been eaten. (There are those who have the custom
to eat these foods and recite the Yehi Ratzon on the second night as well.)
After the bread had been eaten, one should dip the apple in honey, make the
blessing that one would normally make on fruit, and then take a bite of the
apple. Before one has eaten the whole apple, one should recite the Yehi
Ratzon. After the apple, one can then have all, none, or some of the other
foods. There is no order as to which food should be eaten first.
***For more information about the Halachos (laws) regarding these foods,
please consult your local Rabbi.***
Check out all of the posts on Elul and Rosh HaShana. Head over to
http://www.torah.org/learning/yomtov/ to access the YomTov Page. Then click on the icon for the holiday of your choice.
For questions, comments, and topic requests, please write to Rabbi Yehudah Prero.