"...that the decree of our sentance be torn up and may our merits be
proclaimed before you."
For the apple in the honey:
"...she'tichadesh aleinu shana tova u'm'tuka."
"...that you renew us for a good and sweet year."
Besides these Yehi Ratzons which are mentioned in #38, here are three others.
The connection between the Yehi Ratzon and the food is rather self-evident.
"...she'nirbeh ze'chu'yos k'rimon"
"...that our merits increase like (the seeds of) a pomegranate."
"...She'nif'reh v'nir'beh ki'dagim."
"...that we be fruitful and multiply like fish."
For the head of a fish or sheep:
"...She'ni'hiyeh l'rosh v'lo l'zanav."
"...that we be as the head and not as the tail."
All of these Yehi Ratzons are said on the first night of Rosh HaShana, after
Kiddush has been made, and after the blessing over the Chalos (bread) has
been made and the bread has been eaten. (There are those who have the custom
to eat these foods and recite the Yehi Ratzon on the second night as well.)
After the bread had been eaten, one should dip the apple in honey, make the
blessing that one would normally make on fruit, and then take a bite of the
apple. Before one has eaten the whole apple, one should recite the Yehi
Ratzon. After the apple, one can then have all, none, or some of the other
foods. There is no order as to which food should be eaten first.
***For more information about the Halachos (laws) regarding these foods,
please consult your local Rabbi.***